Geo Spatial Distribution and Medical Information System for Central Government Health Scheme, Bangalore
D.Eunice Jayashree, J.Jeffi Rose, Dr.M.Stalin , Dr.S.Indhira Gandhi "Geo Spatial Distribution and Medical Information System for Central Government Health Scheme, Bangalore", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V54(1),53-61 December 2017. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group
Central Government Health Scheme (CGHS) is providing comprehensive medical care to the Central Government employees and pensioners enrolled under the scheme. The rapid development of GIS in various fields has not left the Medical field too. The objective of the study is to incorporate the spatial distribution and accessibility of CGHS and Medical Information System in Bangalore, India with a view of Geographic Information System (GIS) technique. Every beneficiary needs the location of CGHS and the information about necessary treatment in a health centre based on specialist services provided. The necessary data about the health care centres in the study area were collected from the CGHS and administrative map from Survey of India. The coordinates of the health care centres were obtained in the field using Global Positioning System (GPS). These data were integrated into GIS environment and analysed using ArcGIS 9.3 software. The study reveals that despite being laboratory facilities existing in 5 out of 10 CGHS wellness centers, there are only 2 lab technicians available for entire Bangalore. Homeopathy treatment is available only in CGHS wellness center (WC) - 01 (Shivaji nagar). WC-01 contains all kinds of treatments such as Allopathy, Unani and Homeopathy. All the specialized services (Dental, Gynecologist, Pediatrician, ENT, Eye specialist, Dermatologist, Medical specialist) are available in the CGHS Polyclinic, Shivaji Nagar. The study also infers that there are 1,12,248 beneficiaries got treatment from various wellness centres by 35 nos. of doctors in the month of July 2017. So each doctor is giving treatment to almost 3200 beneficiaries each month. As per Medical Council of India (MCI - 2011), the doctor patient Ratio must be 1:2000, whereas the ratio is much less in all the wellness centre of Bangalore and average Doctor patient ratio is only 1:3207. It clearly indicates that the number of doctors is to be increased to 1.5 times to cater the beneficiaries of the city efficiently. The visual map and attribute database produced in this paper would undoubtedly assist in management, planning and fostering new directions to health administration. The visual map produced depicting locations of health facilities, road linkages and capacity of each wellness centre is also an important source of information on health matters. The visual map will be useful to the public which can reduce the risk of taking patients to wrong hospitals due to not having prior knowledge of their capacities or opening hours.
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CGHS, GPS, GIS, Geospatial mapping, doctor-patient ratio.