Modeling and Analysis of Compressed Air Consumption of Air Jet Loom
|International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)||
|© 2017 by IJETT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2017|
|Authors : Dr. T S S Jayawardana, Prof. E A S K Fernando, G H D Wijesena
|DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V54P222|
Dr. T S S Jayawardana, Prof. E A S K Fernando, G H D Wijesena "Modeling and Analysis of Compressed Air Consumption of Air Jet Loom", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V54(3),156-161 December 2017. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group
Air-jet looms popularized in the textile industry in mass scale production due to high speed of weft insertion, which leads to higher productivity with greater efficiency. The air jet looms provide best quality for cotton and cotton based fabrics, the manner in which the weft is inserted. However, due to higher compressed air consumption, production cost of weaving on air-jet looms is comparatively high and hence less preferred to be in production despite its high production speed especially in countries like Sri Lanka, where the energy cost is prohibitively high. The compressed air consumption is highly depend on the weft yarn parameters and the width of the fabric. The compressed air pressure setting for different fabrics done on trial and error basis and hence the running cost may not be optimized in addition to the raw material wastage in setting up the loom. The authors attempt to develop a mathematical model for the air consumption and the tractive force taken into account the parameters of the weft yarn and the mechanical settings of the loom. The model was verified with experimental results and has shown that there is a good agreement exists between the theoretical and experimental results and thereby verified the accuracy of the model.
 CorradoGrassi, AchimSchröte, Yves-Simon Gloy and Thomas Gries, ?Increasing the Energy Efficiency of Air Jet Weaving Based on a Novel Method to Exploit Energy Savings Potentials in Production Processes of the Textile Industry, Journal of Environmental Science and Engineering, pg. 26-34, 2016.
 Schröter A, and Holtermann T, ?Increasing Energy Efficiency of Relay Nozzles of Air Jet Weaving at the Institute of Textile Technology in Aachen, RWTH Aachen. In Proceedings of the 14th Chemnitzer Textile Conference, pg. 28-35, 2014.
 Erdem K, and Emel Ç, ?Analysis of Energy Consumption in Woven Fabric Production.” Fibres and Textiles in Eastern Europe 2 (79), pg. 14-20, 2010.
 Adanur S. 2001. Handbook of Weaving. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
 Shintani R, and Okajima A, ?Air Flow through a Weft Passage of Profile Reed in Air Jet Looms.” Journal of Textile Engineering 48 (2) pg. 56-63, 2002.
 Kayacan MC, Dayik M, Colak O, and Kodaloglu M, "Velocity control of weft insertion on air jet looms by fuzzy logic," Fibres& Textiles in Eastern Europe, vol. 12, p. 47, 2004.
 Raj Kumar Khiani, Mazhar Hussain Peerzada, and SadafAftabAbbasi, ?Air Consumption Analysis of Air-Jet Weaving”, Mehran University Research Journal of Engineering & Technology, Vol. 35, No. 3, July, 2016.
 Terrell RE, ?Improving Compressed Air System Efficiency: Know What You Really Need, EnergyEngineering, Volume 96, No. 1, pp. 7–15, 1999.
 LórántSzabó, IstvánPatkó, and Gabriella Oroszlány, ?The Dynamic Study of the Weft Insertion of Air Jet Weaving Machines”, ActaPolytechnicaHungarica Vol. 7, No. 3, 2010.
 Susanne V. Krichel and Oliver Sawodny, ?Analysis and optimization of compressed air networks with model-based approaches”, PNEVMATIKA, Vol. 17, pg. 334-341, 2011.
 Abdul Jabbar, Shakeel Ahmed, Tanveer Hussain, Noman Haleem and Faheem Ahmed, ?Statistical Model for Predicting Compressed Air Consumption on Air-Jet Looms”, Journal of Engineered Fibers and Fabrics, Volume 9, Issue 3, pg. 50-56, 2014.
 Ye G, and Shen D, "Study on Pneumatic Weft Insertion Behaviour in Main Nozzle," Fibres& Textiles in Eastern Europe, vol. 15, pg. 63, 2007.
 Masuda A,Sogi Y,and Ogata N, "Efficiency of an Accelerating Apparatus for Weft Yarn Insertion of Air Jet Loom," Journal of the Textile Machinery Society of Japan, vol. 52, pp. T9-T17, 1999.
 Ishida M,and Okajima A, "Flow Characteristics of the Main Nozzle in an Air-Jet Loom Part I: Measuring Flow in the Main Nozzle," Textile Research Journal, vol. 64, pp. 10-20, 1994.
 Ishida M,and Okajima A., "Flow Characteristics of the Main Nozzle in an Air-Jet Loom Part II: Measuring High Speed Jet Flows from the Main Nozzle and Weft Drag Forces," Textile Research Journal, vol. 64, pp. 88-100, 1994.
 Jeong S Y, Kim K H, Choi JH and Lee C K, "Design of the Main Nozzle with Different Acceleration Tube and Diameter in an Air-Jet Loom," International Journal of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering, vol. 6, pp. 23-30, 2005.
 Göktepe Ö, and Bozkan Ö, "Study on reduction of air consumption on air-jet weaving machines," Textile Research Journal, vol. 78, pp. 816-824, 2008.
 Belforte G, Mattiazzo G, Testore F, and Visconte C, "Experimental investigation on air-jet loom sub-nozzles for weft yarn insertion," Textile Research Journal, vol. 81, pp. 791-797, 2011.
 Krause HW,"The air-jet weaving machine in practical use," MelliandTextilberichte (Eng. Ed.), September, 1980.
 Wahhoud A, "Investigation into the behavior of yarns in pneumatic weft insertion," MelliandTextilberichte (Eng. Ed.), April, 1983.
 Kissling U, "Experimental and theoretical analysis of weft insertion by air-jet," MelliandTextilberichte (Eng. Ed.), February, 1985.
 Githaiga J, Vangheluwe L, and Kiekens P, "Relationship between the Properties of Cotton Rotor Spun Yarns and the Yarn Speed in an Air-jet Loom," Journal of the Textile Institute, vol. 91, pp. 35-47, 2000.
 Tsudacoma Corperation, "Operational Manual for ZA 200 type air jet loom, pg. 106-112,1989.
Mathematical modelling, air jet loom, compressed air consumption, different weft yarns.