Dyeing, Fastness And Uv Protection Properties Of Cashmere Fabric Dyed With Some Plant Bio- Preparations
|International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)||
|© 2018 by IJETT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2018|
|Authors : Tserendulam.S, Nadmid.G, Delgermaa.S
|DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V55P224|
Tserendulam.S, Nadmid.G, Delgermaa.S "Dyeing, Fastness And Uv Protection Properties Of Cashmere Fabric Dyed With Some Plant Bio- Preparations", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V55(3),126-134 January 2018. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group
This research was concerned with natural bio-preperation extraction from plant an abundantly occurring plant namely Rhubarb (Rheum Undulatum L.), nettle(Urtica.Cannabina L.) and thyme(Thymus Dahurica. L) available almost everywhere in Mongolia and with the application of this dyeing bio-preperation for Mongolian goat cashmere dyeing by exhaustion process. Optimal results were achieved when dyeing with Rheum undalitium L. at 80 0C for 50 minutes and at pH 5.0 and for dyeing with Urtica cannabina L. at 80 0C for 50 minutes and at Ph 5.0; the Thymus dahurica L. at at 80 0C for 60 minutes and pH 4.5. Bio-preperation extract were applied on cashmere fabric with alum, copper, ferrous, magnesium sulfates mordants with four different dyeing conditions. An exception was when the fabrics were dyed with FeSO4 mordant, resulting in a shade of dark brown and blackish color for three plants. The colour fastness to washing and rubbing after dyeing the cashmere fabrics treated with the mordant was investigated, the results of which showed fair to good rubbing fastness, specially the colour fastness to washing was at a good to very good level. The metal salts are used by mordants in the natural dyeing proceesing are increased 1-2 grade of colour fastness rating of dyed cashmere fabrics. The results confirmed that natural dyes from rhubarb and nettle have potential applications for fabric dyeing and producing ultraviolet (UV) protective cashmere fabrics.
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natural dye, rhubarb, nettle, thyme, UV protection, cashmere, dyeing. colorfastness