Design and Fabrication of a Palm Kernel Oil Expeller Machine

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2019 by IJETT Journal
Volume-67 Issue-6
Year of Publication : 2019
Authors : Patrick Ejebheare Amiolemhen, JoshuaAhuromeEseigbe
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V67I6P208


MLA Style: Patrick Ejebheare Amiolemhen, JoshuaAhuromeEseigbe"Design and Fabrication of a Palm Kernel Oil Expeller Machine" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 67.6 (2019): 39-46.

APA Style:Patrick Ejebheare Amiolemhen, JoshuaAhuromeEseigbe (2019). Design and Fabrication of a Palm Kernel Oil Expeller Machine International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 67(6), 39-46.

The aim of this work is to design and fabricate an effective palm kernel oil expeller machine. A high torque and low rotational speed palm kernel oil expeller machine was developed by introducing an adjustable choke mechanism that permits adjustment of the back pressure to regulate the thickness and dryness of the pressed cake passing through the clearance between the barrel and the screw shaft. The machine components such as hopper, the expelling chamber; shaft; adjustable choke mechanism; pulleys; belts etc were designed and then fabricated using techniques such as cutting, welding, drilling, bending, and casting, etc. The machine design enables cold palm kernel seeds to be processed without pre-treatment, the breaking and cooking operation being performed by the action of the screw shaft within the barrel of the unit. The machine has a nominal input capacity of approximately 280kg/hr when driven by a 10hp Electric motor.

[1] Adetola, O. A., Olajide, J. O. and Olalusi, A. P. (2014). Development of a Screw Press for PalmOil Extraction. International Journal of Scientific & Engineering Research, Vol. 5, Issue 7, pp. 1416 – 1422.
[2] Akinoso R., Igbeka J., Olajanju T. and Bankole L., 2006. Modeling of Oil Expression from Palm Kernel (Elaeis guineesis Jacq.). Agricultural Engineering International: the CIGR Ejournal Manuscript FP 05 016. Vol. 8.
[3] Bredeson D.K., 1983. Mechanical Oil Extraction. Journal ofthe American Oil Chemists’Society. 60(2). 211-213.
[4] Ezeoha, S.L., Akubuo, C.O. and Ani, A.O. (2012). Proposed average values of some engineering properties of palm kernels. Nigerian Journal of Technology (NIJOTECH). Vol. 31, No. 2, pp. 167- 173.
[5] Khurmi R S, Gupta J K. (2008). A Textbook of Machine Design (Ed.). EurasiaPublishing House (PVT) Ltd. New Delhi. 1230 p.
[6] Kit, A. (1985). “Make Your Own Oil”. Royal Tropical Institute Magazine. Vol. 63. Amsterdam, Netherlands.
[7] Melku A., Kirubel A., Melaku S., Meron B., Teshome D. M. (2018). Design of Tire Changer. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT). Vol. 64. No. 1.pp.1 – 23.
[8] Ohlson, I.S.R., 1992. Modern Processing of Rapeseed. Journal of the American Oil Chemists’ Society. Vol. 69. Pp. 195 – 198.
[9] Olunlade, B. A., Ogundola, J., Odiba, O. and Obaje, O. (2018). Development of a motorized sheet metal rolling machine. Advances in Research. Vol. 17(1), pp.1-9.
[10] Oyinlala A., Ojo A. and Adekoya L.O., 2004. Development of a laboratory model screw press for peanut oil expression. Journal of Food Engineering. 64(2). 217-227.
[11] Serinivasulu, P. and Vaidyanathan C.V, (1990). Handbook of Machine Foundation,2nd edition.
[12] SKF General Bearings Catalogue (1987).
[13] TATA McGraw?Hill Publishing Company ltd., New?Delhi.
[14] UNIFEM, (1987). Oil Extraction for Cycle Technology. Handbook of United Nations Development Fund for Women. New York.

Screw shaft, adjustable choke, barrel, hopper, expeller chamber, press cake