Study of Biomass fuel production from Different Waste Residues: A Review

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2020 by IJETT Journal
Volume-68 Issue-2
Year of Publication : 2020
Authors : V.Sampathkumar, M.Rathipraba ,S.Anandakumar, N.Jothi Lakshmi , S.Manoj
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V68I2P216S


MLA Style: V.Sampathkumar, M.Rathipraba, S.Anandakumar,  N.Jothi Lakshmi , S.Manoj  "Study of Biomass fuel production from Different Waste Residues: A Review" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 68.2 (2020):97-106.

APA Style:V.Sampathkumar, M.Rathipraba, S.Anandakumar, N.Jothi Lakshmi , S.Manoj. Study of Biomass fuel production from Different Waste Residues: A Review  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 68(2),97-106.

Due to the increasing population and less availability of biomass resources in the world such as coal, charcoal etc., so we need to choose the alternative pathway to meet the energy demand in future. Biomass fuel production have been immersed as a most suitable method for reducing the usage of fossil fuels such as coal, charcoal, oil, natural gas and also reduces the fossil fuel price in the market. In this review mainly discussed about the biofuel production from the agricultural residues (sugarcane bagasse, cassava waste, rice husk, jastropha, sweet sorghum, groundnut shell, cashew shell, almond shell, coffee husk, sunflower leaves etc.,),forestry residues (wood pellets, bamboo sticks, sawdust, bark, branches etc.,), industrial residues such as (paper waste, cotton waste, plastic waste etc.,) and municipality solid waste by using the following process such as fermentation, gasification, pyrolysis, direct combustion, anaerobic digestion, chemical conversion and briquetting which undergoes two main processes of analysis such as proximate analysis and ultimate will be carried out to determine the moisture content, ash content, fixed carbon, bulk density, total solids, carbon nitrogen ratio, calorific value, hydrogen and nitrogen content. Main conclusion which is obtained from the various studies provides the valuable information about the behaviour of biomass fuel and their characteristics for the future development of biomass conversion process to meet the future energy demand.


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biomass, renewable resources, recovery, biofuel, waste residues