A Review: Properties of Micro Steel Fibre (MSF) in High-Performance Concrete in Terms of Crack Propagation

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2020 by IJETT Journal
Volume-68 Issue-11
Year of Publication : 2020
Authors : Suchitra Ramasamy, Shahiron Shahidan, Sharifah S.M. Zuki, Mohamad A.M. Azmi
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V68I11P215


MLA Style: Suchitra Ramasamy, Shahiron Shahidan, Sharifah S.M. Zuki, Mohamad A.M. Azmi  "A Review: Properties of Micro Steel Fibre (MSF) in High-Performance Concrete in Terms of Crack Propagation" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 68.11(2020):113-121. 

APA Style:Suchitra Ramasamy, Shahiron Shahidan, Sharifah S.M. Zuki, Mohamad A.M. Azmi. A Review: Properties of Micro Steel Fibre (MSF) in High-Performance Concrete in Terms of Crack Propagation  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 68(11),113-121.

High-performance concrete (HPC) applies to cement-based material with a strong capacity above 50MPa, has great ductility, and shows excellent performance. This paper reviews the properties of HPC, raw material, and cracking propagation. Reduction in porosity and improvement in microstructure increases the toughness of HPC. Natural materials such as supplementary cementitious material, aggregates, super-plasticizers, and micro steel fibers can enhance HPC`s mechanical properties and workability. Also, the causes of cracking and relevant test for observing crack propagation are discussed in this paper. Thus, HPC manufacturing tends to improve over the years by using relevant raw materials, common technology such as conventional casting and room temperature curing, and related precautions to reduce cracking in concrete to prolong the service life of concrete structures.


[1] A?tcin, P. C, High-performance concrete`s durability characteristics: a review, Cement and concrete composites, 25 (2003) 409-420.
[2] Aïtcin, P-C, The importance of the water-cement and water–binder ratios. Science and Technology of Concrete Admixtures, (2016) 3-13.
[3] Al-Jabri, Khalifa S., Makoto Hisada, Salem K. Al-Oraimi, and Abdullah H. Al-Saidy, Copper slag as sand replacement high-performance concrete, Cement and concrete composites, 31(2009) 483-488.
[4] Alsadey, Salahaldein, Effect of super-plasticizer on fresh and hardened concrete properties, Journal of Agricultural Science and Engineering, 1 (2015) 70-74.
[5] Aprianti, Evi, Payam Shafigh, Syamsul Bahri, and Javad Nodeh Farahani, Supplementary cementitious materials origin from agricultural wastes–A review, Construction, and Building Materials, 74 (2015) 176-187.
[6] Cao, Qi, Yinliang Cheng, Mingli Cao, and Quanqing Gao, Workability, strength, and shrinkage of fiber-reinforced expansive self-consolidating concrete, Construction and Building Materials, 131 (2017) 178-185.
[7] Chang, P. K., Y. N. Peng, and C. L. Hwang, A design consideration for the durability of high-performance concrete, Cement and Concrete Composites, 23 (2001) 375-380.
[8] Chang, Ping-Kun. An approach to optimizing mix design for properties of high-performance concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 34 (2004) 623-629.
[9] Chiranjeevi Reddy, Kamasani, and Kolluru VL Subramaniam. Experimental investigation of crack propagation and post-cracking behavior in macro synthetic fiber reinforced concrete, Magazine of Concrete Research, 69 (2017) 467-478.
[10] Chithra, Sankar, SRR Senthil Kumar, and K. Chinnaraju, The effect of Colloidal Nano-silica on workability, mechanical and durability properties High-Performance Concrete with Copper slag as partial fine aggregate, Construction, and Building Materials, 113 (2016) 794-804.
[11] Dao, Vinh TN, Peter H. Morris, and Peter F. Dux, Crack propagation in concrete at very early ages, Magazine of concrete research, 66 (2014) 643-651.
[12] Dong, Wei, Xiangming Zhou, Zhimin Wu, and Bohan Xu, Investigating crack initiation and propagation of concrete in restrained shrinkage circular/elliptical ring test, Materials and Structures., vol. 50 (2017) 73.
[13] Elahi, A., P. A. M. Basheer, S. V. Nanukuttan, and Q. U. Z. Khan. Mechanical and durability properties of high-performance concrete containing supplementary cementitious materials, Construction and Building Materials, 24 (2010) 292-299.
[14] Faleschini, Flora, M. Alejandro Fernández-Ruíz, Mariano Angelo Zanini, Katya Brunelli, Carlo Pellegrino, and Enrique Hernández-Montes. "High performance concrete with electric arc furnace slag as aggregate: mechanical and durability properties." Construction and Building Materials., vol. 101, pp. 113-121, 2015.
[15] Folliard, Kevin J., and Neal S. Berke. Properties of high-performance concrete containing shrinkage-reducing admixture, Cement and Concrete Research, 27 (1997) 1357-1364.
[16] Ghourchian, Sadegh, Mateusz Wyrzykowski, and Pietro Lura, A practical approach for reducing the risk of plastic shrinkage cracking of the concrete, RILEM Technical Letters, 2 (2017) 40-44.
[17] Gjørv, O. E, High-strength concrete, Developments in the Formulation and Reinforcement of Concrete, 153-170 (2008).
[18] Gonzalez-Corominas, Andreu, and Miren Etxeberria. "Effects of using recycled concrete aggregates on the shrinkage of high-performance concrete." Construction and Building Materials., vol. 115, pp. 32-41, 2016.
[19] Li, Jianyong, and Yan Yao, A study on creep and drying shrinkage of high-performance concrete, Cement and Concrete Research, 31 (2001) 1203-1206.
[20] Ju, Minkwan, Younghwan Park, and Cheolwoo Park, Cracking control comparison in the specifications of serviceability in cracking for FRP reinforced concrete beams, Composite Structures, 182 (2017) 674-684.
[21] Juenger, Maria CG, and Rafat Siddique, Recent advances in understanding the role of supplementary cementitious materials in concrete, Cement and Concrete Research, 78 (2015) 71-80.
[22] Kayali, O. Sustainability of fiber composite concrete construction, Sustainability of Construction Materials, pp. 539-566, 2016.
[23] Larosche, C. J. Types, and causes of cracking in concrete structures. Failure, distress, and repair of concrete structures (2009) 57-83.
[24] Li, P. P., Q. L. Yu, and H. J. H. Brouwers, Effect of PCE-type super-plasticizer on early-age behavior of ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC), Construction and Building Materials, 153 (2017) 740- 750.
[25] Liew, K. M., and Arslan Akbar. The recently recycled steel fiber reinforced concrete, Construction, and Building Materials, 232 (2020) 117232.
[26] Madandoust, Rahmat, Malek Mohammad Ranjbar, Hamed Ahmadi Moghadam, and Seyed Yasin Mousavi. Mechanical properties and durability assessment of rice husk ash concrete. Biosystems Engineering, 110 (2011) 144-152.
[27] McCarthy, Michael John, and Thomas Daniel Dyer. Pozzolanas and Pozzolanic Materials. Lea`s Chemistry of Cement and Concrete, (2019) 363.
[28] Nataraja, M. C. Fiber-reinforced concrete-behavior properties and application, Professor of Civil Engineering, Sri Jayachamarajendra College of Engineering, (2002) 570.
[29] Neville, Adam, and Pierre-Claude Aitcin. High-performance concrete—An overview. Materials and Structures, 31 (1998) 111-117.
[30] Neville, A. M, Properties of Concrete, 5th ed., England: Pearson Education, (2011).
[31] Pyo, Sukhoon, Mo Alkaysi, and Sherif El-Tawil. Crack propagation speed in ultra-high performance concrete (UHPC). Construction and Building Materials, 114, (2016) 109-118.
[32] Sravana, P., P. Sarika, S. Rao, S. Sekhar, and G. Apparao. Studies on the relationship between water/binder ratio and compressive strength of high volume fly ash concrete, American Journal of Engineering Research, 2 (2013) 115-122.
[33] Rasheed, A., M. Usman, H. Farooq, and A. Hanif. Effect of Super-Plasticizer Dosages on Fresh State Properties and Early-Age Strength of Concrete : IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng, 431 (2018) 062010.
[34] Shen, Dejian, Jiacheng Kang, Xijun Yi, Liukun Zhou, and Xiang Shi. Effect of double hooked-end steel fiber on the early-age cracking potential of high strength concrete in restrained ring specimens. Construction and Building Materials, 223 (2019)1095-1105.
[35] Shi, Caijun, Zemei Wu, Jianfan Xiao, Dehui Wang, Zhengyu Huang, and Zhi Fang. "A review on ultra-high performance concrete: Part I. Raw materials and mixture design." Construction and Building Materials., vol. 101, pp. 741-751, 2015.
[36] Shweta, Patil, and Rupali Kavilkar. Study of flexural strength in steel fiber reinforced concrete. International Journal of Recent Development in Engineering and Technology, 2 (2014) 13-16.
[37] Sprince, Andina, Gregor Fischer, Leonids Pakrastinsh, and Aleksandr Korjakins. Crack propagation in concrete with silica particles. Advanced Materials Research, 842, (2014) 470-476.
[38] Usman, Muhammad, Syed Hassan Farooq, Mohammad Umair, and Asad Hanif. Axial compressive behavior of confined steel fiber reinforced high strength concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 230 (2020) 117043.
[39] Wang, Dehui, Caijun Shi, Zemei Wu, Jianfan Xiao, Zhengyu Huang, and Zhi Fang. A review on ultra-high performance concrete: Part II. Hydration, microstructure, and properties. Construction and Building Materials, 96, (2015) 368-377.
[40] Wang, Xiao-hua, She-rong Zhang, Chao Wang, Ke-lei Cao, Pei-yong Wei, and Jia-xin Wang. Effect of steel fibers on the compressive and splitting-tensile behaviors of cellular concrete with millimeter-sized pores. Construction and Building Materials, 221 (2019) 60-73.
[41] Weber, Silvia, and Hans W. Reinhardt. A new generation of high-performance concrete: concrete with auto genous curing. Advanced cement-based materials, 6 (1997) 59-68.
[42] Yang, Keun-Hyeok, Yeon-Back Jung, Myung-Sug Cho, and Sung-Ho Tae. Effect of supplementary cementitious materials on the reduction of CO2 emissions from concrete. Journal of Cleaner Production, 103 (2015) 774-783.
[43] Zain, M. F. M., Md Safiuddin, and H. Mahmud. Development of high-performance concrete using silica fume at relatively high water–binder ratios. Cement and concrete research, 30 (2000) 1501-1505.

High-performance concrete, micro steel fibers, cracking.