A Response Surface Methodology Approach for The Optimisation of Energy and Waste Manufactured by Portable 3D Printing
MLA Style: Omar Mohd Faizan Bin Marwah, Adilah Binti Darsani, Mohd Yussni Bin Hashim, Elmy Johana Binti Mohamad. A Response Surface Methodology Approach for The Optimisation of Energy and Waste Manufactured by Portable 3D Printing International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 68.12(2020):113-117.
APA Style:Omar Mohd Faizan Bin Marwah, Adilah Binti Darsani, Mohd Yussni Bin Hashim, Elmy Johana Binti Mohamad. A Response Surface Methodology Approach for The Optimisation of Energy and Waste Manufactured by Portable 3D Printing. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 68(12), 113-117.
Additive manufacturing (AM) processes such as fused deposition modeling (FDM) give a materialefficient effect to minimize material waste better than the subtractive machining process. The application of AM could also save energy, but the research on energy consumption of the process is not explored critically. Besides, the fabricated parts that suffer badly from low part quality require extra time and cost to improve their quality. Therefore, in this study, the optimization of built parameters was identified and analyzed to consider material waste and energy consumption using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). An optimal solution for material waste and energy consumption was determined by using the Minitab Response Optimizer tool. The result for optimal settings was; a number of shells = 3, slice orientation = 0º, layer height = 0.4 mm, and infill percentage = 100%, and the parameters gave the lowest values of waste and energy consumption. The confirmation test has shown that the percentages of error for response variables were within 11% to 26%, which are considered low due to some external sources of errors as the Rsquared was not perfect as 100%.
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Material Waste, Energy Consumption, Optimal Build Parameters, Minitab Optimizer Tool