Potential Behaviour of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fibre Reinforced With Polypropelene For 3D Printing Filament Material
MLA Style: Adilah Binti Darsani, Omar Mohd Faizan Bin Marwah, Nasuha Bin Sa’ude, Suhaimi Bin Hassan"Potential Behaviour of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fibre Reinforced With Polypropelene For 3D Printing Filament Material" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 69.1(2021):194-197.
APA Style:Adilah Binti Darsani, Omar Mohd Faizan Bin Marwah, Nasuha Bin Sa’ude, Suhaimi Bin Hassan. Potential Behaviour of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fibre Reinforced With Polypropelene For 3D Printing Filament Material International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 69(1), 194-197.
The biomass of oil palm industry such as empty fruit bunch, fronds and trunks have been identified as a potential source for green material utilised in many applications. There were many researches on natural fibres for 3 Dimensional Printing (3DP) composite material application, but less studies focused on oil palm fibre especially for a part of empty fruit bunch. In some researches, Empty Fruit Bunch (EFB) fibres reinforced with polymer matrix showed the mechanical property improvement in terms of durability, thermal energy and sustainability in manufacturing aerospace and construction parts. Therefore, this research aims to explore the potential of using EFB fibre in additive manufacturing materials as a composite filament. The analysis involved in this research covered one test for thermal properties and two tests for mechanical properties. The tests were Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC), tensile strength and shore hardness. The thermal properties result of DSC showed melting temperature (Tm) of (10%EFB fibres + PP) was 162.81°C, while for glass transition, the temperature (Tg) was 147.02°C. In addition, for the evaluation of mechanical properties, tensile strength and shore hardness tests were investigated. The tests showed the results of 33.26MPa and 74.4shore, respectively. Then, the comparison result was done with established filament in 3DP which are polylactide (PLA) and acrylonitrile butadiene styrene (ABS) to investigate the ability. From the comparison result analysis, it showed that (EFB fibres + PP) have the potential as a composite filament because it has the ability equivalent to PLA in terms of thermal and better ability to ABS in terms of shore hardness.
 H.P.S. Abdul., Oil Palm Biomass Fibres and Recent Advancement in Oil Palm Biomass Fibres Based Hybrid Biocomposites, Compos. Their Appl.,(2012).
 N. Abdullah and F. Sulaim., The Oil Palm Wastes in Malaysia, Biomass Now - Sustain. Growth Use,(2013).
 J. Stampfl and R. Liska., New Materials For Rapid Prototyping Applications., Macromol. Chem. Phys., 206(13)(2005) 1253–1256.
 A. T. Sutton, C. S. Kriewall, M. C. Leu, and J. W. Newkirk., Powders for Additive Manufacturing Processes: Characterization Techniques and Effects on Part Properties, Solid Free. Fabr. Proc., (2016) 1004–1030.
 Farhadina., Material Properties Study On Oil Palm Frond Fibers,thesis project., (2016).
 Zwick Roell., Testing of Plastics and Rubber Intelligent Testing., (2011).
 M. Khalid, C. T. Ratnam, T. G. Chuah, S. Ali and T. S. Y. Choong., Comparative Study Of Polypropylene Composites Reinforced With Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Fiber And Oil Palm Derived Cellulose, Mater. Des.,29(1)(2008) 173–178.
 N.G. Tanikella, B. Wittbrodt and J.M. Pearce., Tensile Strength Of Commercial Polymer Materials For Fused Filament Fabrication 3D Printing, Addit. Manuf.,15, (2017) 40–47.
 M. Rivai, A. Gupta, M.R. Islam, and M.D.H. Beg., Characterization Of Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch And Glass Fibre Reinforced Recycled Polypropylene Hybrid Composites, Fibers Polym., 15(7)(2014) 1523–1530.
 C. Ou., The Crystallization Characteristics Of Polypropylene And Low Ethylene Content Polypropylene Copolymer With Copolyesters, 38(2002) 467–473.
 J.Vácha and M. Bor?vka., Mechanical Properties of Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Thermoplastic Polymer Matrix With Carbon Nanotubes, Nanocon, (2015) 1–6.
 H. Özkan Gülsoy and M. Ta?demir., Physical and mechanical properties of polypropylene reinforced with Fe particles., Int. J. Polym. Mater. Polym. Biomater.,55(8) (2006) 619–626.
 M. Pollutants., Technical data sheet, (1944) 1–3.
Oil Palm Fibre, 3D Printer, Composite material.