Effect of Microwave Treatment On The Properties of Waste Tire Rubber Particles–Polyester Composites
MLA Style: Kareem Fathy Abo Elenien, N.A. Azab, Ghada Bassioni, Mohamed Hazem Abdellatif "Effect of Microwave Treatment On The Properties of Waste Tire Rubber Particles–Polyester Composites" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 69.3(2021):46-51.
APA Style:Kareem Fathy Abo Elenien, N.A. Azab, Ghada Bassioni, Mohamed Hazem Abdellatif. Effect of Microwave Treatment On The Properties of Waste Tire Rubber Particles–Polyester Composites International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 69(3),46-51.
Waste disposal of solid materials has become a major issue in the last years. Waste tire rubber is one of the major issues in solid waste disposal. Waste tires are stored in landfills which is an environmental hazard. One of the ways for safe disposal is to use it as particles in polymeric composites. Unsaturated polyester resins have been one of the best polymers used as a matrix in polymeric composites because of their availability and desirable properties. To increase the interfacial adhesion between the particles and the polymer matrix, ground tire rubber is treated. Microwave energy is used to treat tire rubber particles, which is an environmentally friendly process. The effect of this type of treatment on the mechanical properties of polyester/rubber composites is studied. Interfacial adhesion is verified through mechanical testing and morphological analysis. Tension and impact tests were performed to compare the properties of composites before and after rubber particles treatment. The morphological examination reveals an increase in adhesion, which affects the composites` mechanical properties.
 Price, W. and Smith, E.D., Waste tire recycling: environmental benefits and commercial challenges. International journal of environmental technology and management, 6(3-4)(2006) 362- 374.
 Van Beukering, P.J. and Janssen, M.A., Trade and recycling of used tyres in Western and Eastern Europe. Resources, conservation, and recycling, 33(4)(2001) 235-265.
 Sienkiewicz, M., Kucinska-Lipka, J., Janik, H. and Balas, A., Progress in used tyres management in the European Union: A review. Waste management, 32(10)(2012) 1742-1751.
 Adhikari, B., De, D. and Maiti, S., Reclamation and recycling of waste rubber. Progress in polymer science, 25(7)(2000) 909-948.
 Ferrão, P., Ribeiro, P. and Silva, P., A management system for end-of-life tyres: A Portuguese case study. Waste Management, 28(3)(2008) 604-614.
 Karger-Kocsis, J., Mészáros, L. and Bárány, T., Ground tyre rubber (GTR) in thermoplastics, thermosets, and rubbers. Journal of Materials Science, 48(1)(2013) 1-38.
 Ramarad, S., Khalid, M., Ratnam, C.T., Chuah, A.L. and Rashmi, W., Waste tire rubber in polymer blends: A review on the evolution, properties, and future. Progress in Materials Science, 72(2015) 100-140.
 de Sousa, F.D., Scuracchio, C.H., Hu, G.H. and Hoppe, S.,.Devulcanization of waste tire rubber by microwaves. Polymer Degradation and Stability, 138(2017) 169-181.
 Karim.F.Abo-El-Enin, Ayman.A.Abdelwahab, M.H.Abdellatif, Ramdan El-Gamasy: PP Reinforced With Recycled and Treated Rubber Particles, International Journal of Mechanical and Production Engineering (IJMPE), 4(8)(2016) 84-88., IRAJ DOI Number
 Mousa, B.H., Azab, N.A., Bassioni, G. and Abdellatif, M.H.,.Assessment of the Damage Resulting from Drilling Holes in Waste Tire Rubber Polyester Composites Laminates. Waste and Biomass Valorization, (2020) 1-12.
 Mousa, Bassant Hany, and Mohamed Hazem Abdel Latif. Mechanical behavior of rubber hybrid composites. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering., IOP Publishing, 610(1)(2019).
 Bockstal, L., Berchem, T., Schmetz, Q., Richel, A., Devulcanisation and reclaiming of tires and rubber by physical and chemical processes: A review.J. Clean. Prod. 236, 2019 https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2019.07.049 117574.
 A. Abdul Hameed, KU. Mani Kandhan, S. Gnana Venkatesh, K. C. Denesh . Flexural Behaviour of Concrete Beams With Composite Reinforcement International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 68(4) 59-63.
 Ramarad, S., Khalid, M., Ratnam, C.T., Chuah, A.L., Rashmi, W.,. Waste tire rubber in polymer blends: A review on the evolution, properties, and future. Prog. Mater. Sci. 72(2015) 100–140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmatsci.2015.02.004.
 Trong, Dung Nguyen, Tuan Tran Quoc, Hue Dang Thi Minh, and Cuong Nguyen Chinh. Structure, Plastic Deformation of Polyethylene: A Molecular Dynamics Method. Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry 10(6)(2020) 125-150.
 De Sousa, F.D.B., Scuracchio, C.H., Hu, G.H., Hoppe, S., 2017. Devulcanization of waste tire rubber by microwaves. Polym. Degrad. Stabil. 138(2017) 169–181. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.polymdegradstab.2017.03.008.
 Adhikari, B., De, D., Maiti, S., Reclamation and recycling of waste rubber. Prog. Polym. Sci. 25(2000) 909–948. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0079-6700(00)00020-4.
 Piszczyk, ?., Hejna, A., Danowska, M., Strankowski, M., Formela, K., Polyurethane/ground tire rubber composites foam based on polyglycerol: processing, mechanical and thermal properties. J. Reinf. Plast. Compos. 34(2015a) 708–717. https://doi.org/10.1177/0731684415579089.
 Zanchet, A., L. N. Carli, M. Giovanela, R. N. Brandalise, and J. S. Crespo. Use of styrene-butadiene rubber industrial waste devulcanized by microwave in rubber composites for automotive application., Materials & Design 39(2012) 437-443.
 Hejna, A., Korol, J., Przybysz-Romatowska, M., Zedler, ?., Chmielnicki, B. and Formela, K., Waste tire rubber as low-cost and environmentally-friendly modifier in thermoset polymers–A review. Waste Management, 108(2020) 106-118.
 De Sousa, Fabiula Danielli Bastos. Devulcanization of elastomers and applications., Elastomers; Çankaya, N., Ed.; Intech: Rijeka, Croatia (2017) 209-230
 Formela, Krzysztof, Aleksander Hejna, Lukasz Zedler, Xavier Colom Fajula, and Francisco Javier Cañavate Ávila. Microwave treatment in waste rubber recycling–recent advances and limitations., Express polymer letters 13(6) (2019) 565-588.
 Physico-chemical properties of rubber particles-polyester composites using FTIR analysis. Kareem Fathy Abo Elenien, N.A. Azab, Ghada Bassioni, Mohamed Hazem Abdellatif. In Press
 Elenien, K.A., Azab, N.A., Bassioni, G. and Abdellatif, M.H., (2020), November. The effect of tire rubber particles on the mechanical and physical properties of polyester. In IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 973(1) 012019. IOP Publishing.
 Elenien, K.F.A., Abdel-Wahab, A., ElGamsy, R. and Abdellatif, M.H., 2018. Assessment of the properties of PP composites with the addition of recycled tire rubber. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 9(4) 3271-3276.
 Aoudia, Karima, Saïd Azem, Nourredine Aït Hocine, Michel Gratton, Valeria Pettarin, and Saïd Seghar. Recycling of waste tire rubber: Microwave devulcanization and incorporation in a thermoset resin., Waste Management 60 (2017) 471-481.
 Albdiry, M. T., and B. F. Yousif., Toughening of brittle polyester with functionalized halloysite nanocomposites., Composites Part B: Engineering 160 (2019) 94-109.
Waste tire rubber particles; Recycling, Microwave treatment; Tensile properties; Impact strength.