Acoustic Emission Monitoring on Real Structural Bridge

Acoustic Emission Monitoring on Real Structural Bridge

© 2021 by IJETT Journal
Volume-69 Issue-5
Year of Publication : 2021
Authors : Nur Amira Afiza Saiful Bahari, Shahiron Shahidan, Norbazlan Mohd Yusof, Sharifah Salwa Mohd Zuki
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V69I5P207

How to Cite?

Nur Amira Afiza Saiful Bahari, Shahiron Shahidan, Norbazlan Mohd Yusof, Sharifah Salwa Mohd Zuki, "Acoustic Emission Monitoring on Real Structural Bridge" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 69, no. 5, pp. 41-44, 2021. Crossref,

This monitoring work presents the results of the field project, Acoustic Emission (AE) was used as a monitoring technique to detect and locate cracks and to monitor its propagation from the crosshead of the bridge. The advantage compared with other techniques is that the signal was generated in the material itself and will be recording the process of damage throughout the entire load without destroyed on the bridge structure. AE waves are high-frequency stress waves generated by the rapid release of redistribution energy from material localized sources, such as crack initiation and growth. The high sensitivity to crack growth to ability detect sources, passive nature and the possibility to perform real-time monitoring are some of the interesting features of the AE techniques. After the monitoring work, using AE wave signals including parameters such as AE amplitude, rise time, and average frequency, the crack pattern at the crosshead of the bridge will be identified according to the type of crack process, active crack, and crack classification.

Acoustic Emission, AEwin, Bridges, Active cracks, AE amplitude

[1] B. Goszczy and ?. Grzegorz., Application of the IADP acoustic emission method to automatic control of traffic on reinforced concrete bridges to ensure their safe operation, 6 (2016) 0–8.
[2] P. Mirgal, J. Pal, and S. Banerjee., Online acoustic emission source localization in concrete structures using iterative and evolutionary algorithms, Ultrasonic, (2020) 106211.
[3] C. Barile, C. Casavola, and G. Pappalettera., Application of different acoustic emission descriptors in damage assessment of fiber reinforced plastics : A comprehensive review, Eng. Fract. Mech., (2020) 107083
[4] P. H. Ziehl., Applications of acoustic emission evaluation for civil infrastructure, Nondestructive. Charact. Compos. Mater. Aerosp. Eng. Civ. Infrastructure, Homel. Secur, 6934 (2008) 69340I.
[5] E. Maillet, N. Godin, M. R. Mili, P. Reynaud, G. Fantozzi, and J. Lamon., Real-time evaluation of energy attenuation : A novel approach to acoustic emission analysis for damage monitoring of ceramic matrix composites, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc., 34(7) (2014) 1673–1679.
[6] P. R. Prem and A. R. Murthy., Acoustic emission monitoring of reinforced concrete beams subjected to four-point-bending, Appl. Acoust., 117 (2017) 28–38.
[7] L. Angeles., Diagnostics of reinforced concrete bridges by the acoustic emission (AE) method, NDT E Int., 28(6) (2002) 391.
[8] A. Behnia, H. K. Chai, and T. Shiotani., Advanced structural health monitoring of concrete structures with the aid of acoustic emission, Constr. Build. Mater., 65 (2014) 282–302.
[9] W. A. Megid, M. Chainey, P. Lebrun, and D. R. Hay., Monitoring fatigue cracks on eyebars of steel bridges using acoustic emission : A case study, Eng. Fract. Mech., 211 (2019) 198–208.
[10] D. Crivelli, M. Guagliano, M. Eaton, M. Pearson, S. Al-Jumaili, K. Holford, and R. Pullin., Localisation and identification of fatigue matrix cracking and delamination in a carbon fibre panel by acoustic emission, Compos. Part B Eng., 74 (2015) 1–12.
[11] A. Behnia, H. K. Chai, A. A. Mousa, and A. Ravanfar., A novel damage index for online monitoring of RC slabs under monotonic loading by integration of process controlling into acoustic emission technique, Mech. Syst. Signal Process., 119(15) (2018) 547–560.
[12] G. Park and D. J. Inman., Structural health monitoring using piezoelectric impedance measurements, Philos. Trans. R. Soc. A Math. Phys. Eng. Sci., 365(1851) (2007) 373–392.
[13] H. Khon and O. V Bashkov., The study of acoustic emission waves generated from different types of sources, Mater. Today Proc., 19 (2019) 2243-2247.
[14] P. Ziehl and A. Pollock., Acoustic Emission for Civil Structures, Acoust. Emiss., (2012). ISBN 978-953-51-0056-0.
[15] A. C. C. Tan, M. Kaphle, and D. Thambiratnam., Structural health monitoring of bridges using acoustic emission technology BT - 2009 8th International Conference on Reliability, Maintainability and Safety, ICRMS, (2009) 839–843.
[16] F. Sagasta, M. E. Zitto, R. Piotrkowski, A. Benavent-Climent, E. Suarez, and A. Gallego, Acoustic emission energy b-value for local damage evaluation in reinforced concrete structures subjected to seismic loadings, Mech. Syst. Signal Process., 102 (2018) 262–277.
[17] N. Md Nor, N. M. Bunnori, A. Ibrahim, S. Shahidan, and S. N. Mat Saliah., Relationship between acoustic emission signal strength and damage evaluation of reinforced concrete structure: Case studies, IEEE Symp. Ind. Electron. Appl. ISIEA , (2011) pp. 308–313.
[18] G. ?wit., Acoustic Emission Method for Locating and Identifying Active Destructive Processes in Operating Facilities, Appl. Sci., 8(8) (2018) 1295.
[19] G. Ma and Q. Du., Structural health evaluation of the prestressed concrete using advanced acoustic emission ( AE ) parameters, Constr. Build. Mater., 250 (2020) 118860.
[20] J. P. Yu, P. Ziehl, and A. Pollock., Signal identification in acoustic emission monitoring of fatigue cracking in steel bridges, Nondestruct. Charact. Compos. Mater. Aerosp. Eng. Civ. Infrastructure, Homel. Secur. 8347 (2012) 83471Z.
[21] A. A. Abouhussien and A. A. A. Hassan., Classification of damage in self-consolidating rubberized concrete using acoustic emission intensity analysis, Ultrasonics, 100 (2019)105999.
[22] K. A. Shahid, N. M. Bunnori, M. A. Megat Johari, M. H. Hassan, and A. Sani., Assessment of corroded reinforced concrete beams: Cyclic load test and acoustic emission techniques, Constr. Build. Mater., 233 (2020) 117291.
[23] W. Jiang, Q. Zhang, Y. Zhang, Z. Guo, and S. Tu., Flexural behavior and damage evolution of pultruded fibre-reinforced composite by acoustic emission test and a new progressive damage model, Int. J. Mech. Sci., 188 (2020) 105955.
[24] ASTM E976 Standard Guide for determining the Reproducibility of acoustic emission sensor response, Annual book of ASTM standards, (2010).
[25] G. Ma and Q. Du., Structural health evaluation of the prestressed concrete using advanced acoustic emission (AE) parameters, Constr. Build. Mater., 250 (2020) 118860.