Detection of Aircraft Technical System Failuresor Malfunctionsby Using Image / Video Processing of Cockpit Panels
How to Cite?
Abdullahi Bello Umar, Mukesh Kumar Gupta, Dharam Buddhi, "Detection of Aircraft Technical System Failuresor Malfunctionsby Using Image / Video Processing of Cockpit Panels," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 69, no. 7, pp. 20-28, 2021. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V69I7P203
In Aviation, the different Aircraft technical system Parameters are monitored for failures or malfunctions by different sensors and are indicated in several panels in the Cockpit in the form of steady / flashing lights of different shapes, sizes, and colors such as amber, red, blue, white, etc. Some of the thus detected failures are constantly being recorded in a Flight Data Recorder (FDR). The FDR records limited the critical number of parameters only due to several constraints. The number of parameters that an FDR records vary from Aircraft to Aircraft, a typical Aircraft FDR records approx. 80 parameters. This paper proposes a concept of “Detection of Aircraft technical systems failures or malfunctions by using Image / Video Processing of a Cockpit Panel in Aviation”. A Video of an Airborne Image Recording System (AIRS) is used to process in obtaining the results. By using this method, there is a wide scope of detection of a much greater number of parameters, i.e., typically to the tune of 150 to 200. As of now, The Aircraft incidents/accidents are investigated based on the evidence provided by the two flight recorders, namely, Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR) and FDR. CVR records audio conversations among the pilots in the Cockpit and also with air traffic controllers. At times, both CVR & FDR also fail in providing actual or sufficient information for the cause of an incident or accident. Using this concept of detection definitely provides more information in arriving at the correct cause of an incident/accident. Hence this concept could help in identifying the actual cause of an incident or accident, thereby providing an opportunity to correct or improve the relevant Aircraft Technology. This concept consists of two parts, the first part is of shape analysis of a cockpit panel, and the second part is the fault analysis of the cockpit panel. This paper presents only the first part, i.e., Shape Analysis of the Cockpit Panel.
Airborne Image Recording System (AIRS), Aircraft Incident/accidents, Aircraft Technical system malfunctions/failures, Aircraft Technology, Cockpit Panel, Cockpit Voice Recorder (CVR), Flight Data Recorder (FDR), Image/Video Processing.
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