Theoretical Assessment of the Potential of Desilked Silkworm Pupae as Feedstock for Biodiesel Production in India
How to Cite?
Dhivya Priya N., Thirumarimurugan M., "Theoretical Assessment of the Potential of Desilked Silkworm Pupae as Feedstock for Biodiesel Production in India," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 69, no. 7, pp. 121-131, 2021. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V69I7P218
Energy sources have become critical to the growth and development of any nation. In recent times, first-world countries have actively engaged themselves in pursuit of clean and reliable energy sources. Waste accumulation in the biosphere has also become a menace. Waste management practices that double as energy harnessing techniques are on the lookout these days. One such practice is the production of biodiesel from organic and putrescible waste. Biodiesel is produced by the conversion of triglycerides to esters of fatty acids. This paper studies the potential of desilked dried silkworm pupae, waste produced from silk reeling units as feedstock for biodiesel production. These pupae have around 40% lipid, which can be tapped for the production of biodiesel. The characteristics of this lipid and its biodiesel produced have been critically evaluated. This pupae biodiesel meets the standards established for B100. India has a capacity of producing 19 million liters of biodiesel from this waster per year. By 2030, around 25 million liters of biodiesel can be produced from dried, desilked silkworm pupae. This study has reinforced that the production of biodiesel from waste pupae is a potential source for energy production and an effective waste management strategy for the industry.
Biodiesel, Sericulture, Waste-management, Silkworm pupae, Pupal oil
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