Enhancing the Performance of Localization System for Radio Frequency Transmitters Based on DOA and Triangulation algorithms

Enhancing the Performance of Localization System for Radio Frequency Transmitters Based on DOA and Triangulation algorithms

© 2021 by IJETT Journal
Volume-69 Issue-8
Year of Publication : 2021
Authors : Ali Najim Abdullah, Laith Ali Abdul-Rahaim
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V69I8P204

How to Cite?

Ali Najim Abdullah, Laith Ali Abdul-Rahaim, "Enhancing the Performance of Localization System for Radio Frequency Transmitters Based on DOA and Triangulation algorithms," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 69, no. 8, pp. 26-35, 2021. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V69I8P204

In wireless communication channels, many challenges oblige the presence of radio monitoring systems, such as the Direction Finding (DF) system and localization system of Radio Frequency (RF) transmitters. These systems identify the directions and distances depend on the set of algorithms to determine the actual transmitter position. Therefore, it has critical applications such as communication security and military applications. It consists of a central processor connecting to a network of passive sensors called the DF nodes distributed in the scanning area. The main principle of DF and localization systems are based on estimation techniques at each DF node, which senses the distances and directions with specific instructions to perform DF and localization functions. This paper presents a high-resolution DF and localization system simulation, which can effectively monitor the signals being emitted by the RF transmitters and calculate the number of targets. This simulation consists of the implementation of DF algorithms in each DF node, which is connected to other nodes in single-source environments with fixed target positions, and then applies a triangulation algorithm to obtain the RF transmitter location. The simulation results were performed for many cases to enhance the accuracy of DF and localization systems. The results show UCA-Root- MUSIC has robust estimation that can be obtained with a sufficiently small error.


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