Eco Friendly Vehicle (Hybrid Electric Vehicle)

  ijett-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2013 by IJETT Journal
Volume-4 Issue-4                       
Year of Publication : 2013
Authors : Satti Swami Reddy , Kola Siva Tharun


Satti Swami Reddy , Kola Siva Tharun. "Eco Friendly Vehicle (Hybrid Electric Vehicle)". International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT). V4(4):957-960 Apr 2013. ISSN:2231-5381. published by seventh sense research group.


One of the major problems we are facing today is global warming and dwindling of the natural resources. Global warming is mainly due to the emissions of carbon - dioxide into the atmosphere. Transport Sector plays a major role in emission of carbon dioxide. It contributes to about 17 - 18% of the emissions of carbon dioxide. One of the best ways to reduce the emissions is switching to HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE. HEV reduces th e both emissions of carbon dioxide and also the fuel economy .Hybrid Electric vehicle is a combination of both conventional internal combustion engine and electric propulsion. The presence of electric power train is intended to achieve the better fuel econ omy. Modern HEVS make use efficiency improving technologies such as regenerative braking which converts Vehicle’s kinetic energy into electric energy for charging the battery rather than wasting its energy. HEV’S reduce idle emissions by shutting the ICE a t idle and restarting it when needed it is called start - stop system. . A hybrid - electric produces less emission from its ICE than a comparably - sized gasoline car, since an HEV`s gasoline engine is usually smaller than a comparably - sized pure gasoline - burni ng vehicle and if not used to directly drive the car, can be geared to run at maximum efficiency, further improving fuel economy. Currently hybrid electric vehicles are available in automobiles, light trucks, locomotives, buses, trucks; military vehicle’s and taxi cabs. Encouraging hybridization of vehicle fleets through enabling the policies can reduce the lower of carbon dioxide emissions. Thus improving the public health energy security and reducing the fuel costs. tank for propulsion. Hybrid is betwee n an electric and conventional vehicle. Hybrid electric vehicles are more expensive than conventional vehicles and this poised their entry into new market Hybrid electric vehicles offer 30% better fuel economy, and switching from petrol to diesel vehicles gives 20% reduction in fuel use CNG gives 10% fuel use. Reduction in fuel use also depends upon driving conditions. The more stop and go traffic the greater the potential for fuel savings when used as hybrid when compared to conventional vehicle. This is e specially relevant for city buses and delivery trucks


[1]. Ronald K. Jürgen “ Electric and Hybrid - Electric Vehicles - Engines and Powertrains” , SAE International
[2] . Haora n Hu, Simon Baseley, Rudolf M. Smaling “ Advanced Hybrid Powertrains for Commercial Vehicles ” , SAE International
[3]. Chris Mi, M. Abul Masrur, David Wenzhong Gao , “ Hybrid Electric Vehicles ” Wiley Publications
[4] . Mehrdad Ehsani, Yimin Gao, Ali Emadi “ Modern Electric, Hybrid Electric, and Fuel Cell Vehicles “ CRC Press