Structural and Thermal Efficiency of Composite Precast Sandwich Panels: A State-Of-The-Art

Structural and Thermal Efficiency of Composite Precast Sandwich Panels: A State-Of-The-Art

© 2021 by IJETT Journal
Volume-69 Issue-9
Year of Publication : 2021
Authors : Sakhimol B, V.G.Kalpana
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V69I9P222

How to Cite?

Sakhimol B, V.G.Kalpana, "Structural and Thermal Efficiency of Composite Precast Sandwich Panels: A State-Of-The-Art," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 69, no. 9, pp. 179-192, 2021. Crossref,

Novel energy-efficient approaches to new construction practices like precast insulated sandwich wall panels can reduce the energy consumption for thermal comfort inside the building. Precast insulated sandwich wall panel (PISWP) is made up of two or more structural layers (structural wythes) separated by a low-density insulation material with good thermal resistance. Shear connections are used to link the structural wythe with the insulating layers. The most commonly used connector material is steel, but it reduces the thermal efficiency of the insulated panels by acting as a thermal bridge across the wythes. Other materials like fibre reinforced materials (FRP) gain attention recently and investigations are going on to find their suitability in achieving composite actions. This paper outlines an overall review of the response of precast insulated panels, properties of insulation material and structural behaviour of shear connectors. It also looks at how well-insulated sandwich panels keep their heat in. Expanded polystyrene (EPS) and extruded polystyrene (XPS) have been proved to be effective insulating materials in the past. Superior thermal and corrosion resistance properties of FRP made it a pertinent material for shear connectors in sandwich wall panels. Fully composite action can be achieved if the shear ties are selected as per specifications and appropriately distributed but still, some undesirable properties like bond-slip, FRP failure, etc. are there. So an intensive experimental study is needed to identify the proper shear connector system that will provide both structural and thermal efficiency to the panels. Also, studies are needed to study the comparability of different insulation materials available in the market in terms of thermal efficiency.

Insulated sandwich wall panel, FRP, thermal efficiency, shear connector, Expanded Polystyrene(EPS), Extruded Polystyrene(XPS).

[1] J. Daniel Ronald Joseph, J. Prabakar, P. Alagusundaramoorthy, Experimental studies on through-thickness shear behaviour of EPS based precast concrete sandwich panels with truss shear connectors, Compos. Part B Eng. 166 (2019) 446–456.
[2] A. Einea, D.C. Salmon, G.J. Fogarasi, T.D. Culp, M.K. Tadros, State-of-the-art of Precast Concrete Sandwich Panels, PCI J. 36 (1991) 78–92.
[3] PCI A New Structurally and Thermally Efficient Precast Sandwich panel.pdf, (n.d.).
[4] F. Pozo-Lora, M. Maguire, Thermal bowing of concrete sandwich panels with flexible shear connectors, J. Build. Eng. 29 (2020).
[5] B. Naji, E.A. Toubia, Flexural analysis and composite behaviour of precast concrete sandwich panel, Concr. - Innov. Des. Fib Symp. Proc. (2015) 480–481.
[6] A. Pavese, D.A. Bournas, Experimental assessment of the seismic performance of a prefabricated concrete structural wall system, Eng. Struct. 33 (2011) 2049–2062.
[7] K.N. Lakshmikandhan, B.S. Harshavardhan, J. Prabakar, S. Saibabu, Investigation on Wall Panel Sandwiched With Lightweight Concrete, IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng. 225 (2017).
[8] P.L.N. Fernando, M.T.R. Jayasinghe, C. Jayasinghe, Structural feasibility of Expanded Polystyrene (EPS) based lightweight concrete sandwich wall panels, Constr. Build. Mater. 139 (2017) 45–51.
[9] J. Daniel Ronald Joseph, J. Prabakar, P. Alagusundaramoorthy, Flexural behaviour of precast concrete sandwich panels under different loading conditions such as punching and bending, Alexandria Eng. J. 57 (2018) 309–320.
[10] B.J. Lee, S. Pessiki, Experimental evaluation of precast, prestressed concrete, three-wythe sandwich wall panels, PCI J. 53 (2008) 95–115.
[11] A. Sarkar, A. Ahmad, J.M. Islamia, Y. Singh, Seismic Design of Expanded Polystyrene Core Panel Based Building Systems Seismic Design of Expanded Polystyrene Core Panel Based Building Systems, (2016).
[12] N. Mohamad, W. Omar, R. Abdullah, Precast Lightweight Foamed Concrete Sandwich Panel (PLFP) tested under axial load: Preliminary results, Adv. Mater. Res. 250–253 (2011) 1153–1162..
[13] S. Pessiki, A. Mlynarczyk, A. Mlyarczyk, A. Mlynarczyk, Experimental Evaluation of the precast concrete walls.pdf, PCI J. March-Apri (2003) 54–73..
[14] Y.H. Mugahed Amran, A.A. Abang Ali, R.S.M. Rashid, F. Hejazi, N.A. Safiee, Structural behaviour of axially loaded precast foamed concrete sandwich panels, Constr. Build. Mater. 107 (2016) 307–320.
[15] X. Qun, W. Shuai, L. Chun, Axial Compression Behavior of a New Type of Prefabricated Concrete Sandwich Wall Panel, IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng. 317 (2018).
[16] G. Carbonari, S.H.P. Cavalaro, M.M. Cansario, A. Aguado, Flexural behaviour of light-weight sandwich panels composed by concrete and EPS, Constr. Build. Mater. 35 (2012) 792–799.
[18] I. Choi, J.H. Kim, Y.C. You, Effect of cyclic loading on composite behavior of insulated concrete sandwich wall panels with GFRP shear connectors, Compos. Part B Eng. 96 (2016) 7–19.
[19] K. Hodicky, T. Hulin, J.W. Schmidt, H. Stang, Structural performance of new thin-walled concrete sandwich panel system reinforced with BFRP shear connectors, Proc. 4th Asia-Pacific Conf. FRP Struct. APFIS 2013. (2013) 11–13.
[20] T.S. Oh, S.J. Jang, K.M. Lee, H. Do Yun, Insulation type effect on the direct shear behavior of concrete sandwich panel (CSP) with non-shear connectors, Adv. Mater. Res. 663 (2013) 154–158.
[21] Prestressed Concrete Institute (PCI). (2010). PCI design handbook, 7th Ed.,Chicago.
[22] Clay Naito, John Hoemann, Mark Beacraft; Bryan Bewick. 2012. Performance and Characterization of Shear Ties for Use in Insulated Precast Concrete Sandwich Wall Panels. Journal Of Structural Engineering © Asce 138(1):52-61.
[23] T.K. Hassan, S.H. Rizkalla, Analysis and design guidelines of precast, prestressed concrete, composite load-bearing sandwich wall panels reinforced with CFRP grid, PCI J. 55 (2010) 147–162..
[24] H. Kazem, W.G. Bunn, H.M. Seliem, S.H. Rizkalla, H. Gleich, Durability and long term behavior of FRP/foam shear transfer mechanism for concrete sandwich panels, Constr. Build. Mater. 98 (2015) 722–734.
[25] G. Sopal, S. Rizkalla, L. Sennour, Shear transfer mechanism of CFRP grids in Concrete Sandwich Panels, Proc. 4th Asia-Pacific Conf. FRP Struct. APFIS 2013. (2013) 11–13.
[26] D. Tomlinson, A. Fam, Flexural behavior of precast concrete sandwich wall panels with basalt FRP and steel reinforcement, PCI J. 60 (2015) 51–71.
[27] E. Hamed, Load-carrying capacity of composite precast concrete sandwich panels with diagonal fiber-reinforced-polymer bar connectors, PCI J. 62 (2017) 34–44.
[28] B.A. Frankl, G.W. Lucier, T.K. Hassan, S.H. Rizkalla, Behavior of precast, prestressed concrete sandwich wall panels reinforced with CFRP shear grid, PCI J. 56 (2011) 42–54.
[29] J. Olsen, M. Maguire, Shear Testing of Precast Concrete Sandwich Wall Panel Composite Shear Connectors, CEE Fac. Publ. Univ. Merrill-Cazier Libr. (2016).
[30] R. Lameiras, I. Valente, J. Barros, M. Azenha, P. Ferreira, Fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) connectors for Steel Fibre Reinforced Self-Compacting Concrete (SFRSCC) sandwich panels, Proc. 6th Int. Conf. FRP Compos. Civ. Eng. CICE 2012. (2012) 1–8.
[31] A. Benayoune, A.A.A. Samad, D.N. Trikha, A.A.A. Ali, S.H.M. Ellinna, Flexural behaviour of pre-cast concrete sandwich composite panel - Experimental and theoretical investigations, Constr. Build. Mater. 22 (2008) 580–592.
[32] I. Choi, J.H. Kim, H.R. Kim, Composite behavior of insulated concrete sandwich wall panels subjected to wind pressure and suction, Materials (Basel). 8 (2015) 1264–1282.
[33] Greg Woltman, Douglas Tomlinson, Amir Fam. 2013. “Investigation of Various GFRP Shear Connectors for Insulated Precast Concrete Sandwich Wall Panels.”Journal Of Composites For Construction17(5):711-721.
[34] J.H. Kim, Y.C. You, Composite behavior of a novel insulated concrete sandwich wall panel reinforced with GFRP shear grids: Effects of insulation types, Materials (Basel). 8 (2015) 899–913.
[35] K.B. Choi, W.C. Choi, L. Feo, S.J. Jang, H. Do Yun, In-plane shear behavior of insulated precast concrete sandwich panels reinforced with corrugated GFRP shear connectors, Compos. Part B Eng. 79 (2015) 419–429.
[36] S.J. Jang, Y.C. You, H. Do Yun, Effect of GFRP shear ties on shear behavior of interfaces between precast concrete panel and extruded polystyrene special insulation, Adv. Mater. Res. 658 (2013) 46–49.
[37] F. Gara, L. Ragni, D. Roia, L. Dezi, Experimental tests and numerical modelling of wall sandwich panels, Eng. Struct. 37 (2012) 193–204.
[38] M.Z. Kabir, Structural performance of 3-D sandwich panels under shear and flexural loading, Sci. Iran. 12 (2005) 402–408.
[39] E. Henin, G. Morcous, M.K. Tadros, Precast/prestressed concrete sandwich panels for thermally efficient floor/roof applications, Pract.Period. Struct. Des. Constr. 19 (2014) 1–13.
[40] N. Goudarzi, Y. Korany, S. Adeeb, R. Cheng, Characterization of the shear behavior of Z-shaped steel plate connectors used in insulated concrete panels, PCI J. 61 (2016) 23–37.
[41] H. Jiang, Z. Guo, J. Liu, H. Liu, The Shear Behavior of Precast Concrete Sandwich Panels with W-shaped SGFRP Shear Connectors, KSCE J. Civ. Eng. 22 (2018) 3961–3971.
[42] W. Choi, S.J. Jang, H. Do Yun, Design properties of insulated precast concrete sandwich panels with composite shear connectors, Compos. Part B Eng. 157 (2019) 36–42.
[43] Q. Huang, E. Hamed, Nonlinear finite element analysis of composite precast concrete sandwich panels made with diagonal FRP bar connectors, Compos. Struct. 212 (2019) 304–316.
[44] Thermal_insulation_for_buildings.
[45] ENCON, Wall Panel Design Manual, (2010).
[46] M.S. Al-Homoud, Performance characteristics and practical applications of common building thermal insulation materials, Build. Environ. 40 (2005) 353–366.
[47] D.M. Hachim, Q.A. Abed, Thermal Analysis of Light Weight Wall Made from Sandwich Panels in The Aspect of Thermal Insulation Design for Sustainable, 6-Th Int. Conf. Therm. Equipment, Renew. Energy Rural Dev. TE-RE-RD. (2017).
[48] A. Aziz Farah N. A., S. Mohammed Bida, A. Bakar Nabilah, M. Saleh Jaafar, F. Hejazi, Thermal Resistance of Two Layers Precast Concrete Sandwich Panels, Int. J. Eng. Technol. 10 (2018) 320–324.
[49] Austin James Allard. 2012. Energy-Saving Non-Metallic Connectors For Precast Sandwich Wall Systems In Cold Regions. Thesis Submitted to the North Dakota State University of Agriculture and Applied Science.
[50] P. Ang Soon Ern, L. Mei Ling, N. Kasim, Z. Abd Hamid, M.A.N. Bin Masrom, Thermal Performance of Precast Concrete Sandwich Panel (PCSP) Design for Sustainable Built Environment, IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng. 245 (2017).
[51] Y. Lee, Lee , You-Jung Development of the Characteristic Section Method to Estimate Thermal R-values For Precast ... May 2003, (2003).
[52] B.J. Lee, S. Pessiki, Analytical investigation of thermal performance of precast concrete three- wythe sandwich wall panels. PCI J. 49 (2004) 88–101.
[53] P.Mohaney and E.G.soni, Aluminium composite panel as a facade material, Int. J. Eng. Trends Technol. , 55(2) (2018) 75-80.
[54] Sivasubramani P A , Srisanthi V G, Investigating the Potential of Capric Acid as Phase Change Material by Simulating its Consequence on the Thermal Performance of Building with Diverse Wall Materials, Int. J. Eng. Trends Technol., 69(7) (2021) 132-142.