An Intelligent Image Captioning Generator using Multi-Head Attention Transformer
An Intelligent Image Captioning Generator using MultiHead Attention Transformer
|© 2021 by IJETT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2021|
|Authors : Jansi Rani. J, Kirubagari. B
|DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V69I12P232|
How to Cite?
Jansi Rani. J, Kirubagari. B, "An Intelligent Image Captioning Generator using MultiHead Attention Transformer," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 69, no. 12, pp. 267-279, 2021. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V69I12P232
Recently, the advancements of artificial intelligence(AI) techniques have gained significant attention among research communications. At the same time, image captioning becomes an essential process in scene understanding, which involves the automated generation of natural language explanations dependent upon the content that exists in the image. The applicability of the image captioning process becomes important. With the development of deep learning (DL) and effective labeling datasets, image captioning approaches have been presented rapidly. In this aspect, this study designs an Intelligent Image Captioning Generator (IICG) model. The proposed IICG model technique encompasses different stages of preprocessing on image captions, namely, removal of punctuation marks, removal of single-letter characters, removal of numerals, and text vectorization. Besides, the DL-based DenseNet121 model is employed for the feature extraction process of the images. Then, the image captioning process takes place using the Multi-Head Attention Layer Transformer model, which consists of multiple encoders as well as decoders. The performance validation of the presented technique occurs utilizing Flickr 8k Dataset. A detailed comparative outcomes analysis is made, and the experimental outcomes demonstrate the superior performance of the proposed model in terms of Bilingual Evaluation Understudy (BLEU) score, ROUGE (Recall-Oriented Understudy for Gisting Evaluation), METEOR (Metric for Calculation of Translation with Explicit Ordering), CIDEr (Consensus-based Image Description Evaluation).
Image captioning, Deep learning, Adam optimizer, DenseNet121, Flickr 8k dataset
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