Energy and Congestion Aware Location Aided Routing (ECALAR) for MANETs

Energy and Congestion Aware Location Aided Routing (ECALAR) for MANETs

© 2022 by IJETT Journal
Volume-70 Issue-1
Year of Publication : 2022
Authors : Gorre Narsimhulu, Dr. D. Srinivasa rao
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I1P212

How to Cite?

Gorre Narsimhulu, Dr. D. Srinivasa rao, "Energy and Congestion Aware Location Aided Routing (ECALAR) for MANETs," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 108-117, 2022. Crossref,

In Mobile Adhoc Networks (MANETs),Location Aided Routing is one of the most significant mechanism which controls the unnecessary overhead by optimizing the network area. LAR derives an optimal zone called request zone which allows only a few nodes to participate in the routing and data transmission. However, LAR didn’t focus on the resources (ex., Energy and memory) of mobile nodes, which are constrained in nature. Hence, this paper proposes a new version of LAR called Energy and Congestion Aware Location Aided Routing (ECALAR), which introduces two factors, namely Energy Drain Rate and Buffer Capacity, in the routing process. Based on energy consumption, the residual energy status and energy drain rate are measured. These two factors lessen the burden on the nodes in the request zone and help in the improvisation of network lifetime and Quality of Service. Simulation experiments are conducted with varying network parameters like node speed and data rate. For Performance analyses, Average Energy Consumption (AEC), Delay, Packet Delivery Ratio (PDR), and Throughput are measured and compared with existing methods. On average, the proposed method gained AEC as 33.35mj, delay as 318.6ms, and PDR as 84% for varying node speed. Furthermore, for varying data rates, the average AEC, delay, and throughput are observed as 30mj, 293.3ms, and 540kbps, respectively.

Location Aided Routing, Residual energy, Drain rate, buffer capacity, Throughput, Delay...

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