Weighted DenseNet-121 for Osteoporosis Disease Detection using X-ray Images

Weighted DenseNet-121 for Osteoporosis Disease Detection using X-ray Images

© 2022 by IJETT Journal
Volume-70 Issue-3
Year of Publication : 2022
Authors : Pallavi Hallappanavar Basavaraja, Shanmugarathinam Ganesarathinam

How to Cite?

Pallavi Hallappanavar Basavaraja, Shanmugarathinam Ganesarathinam, "Weighted DenseNet-121 for Osteoporosis Disease Detection using X-ray Images," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 266-274, 2022. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I3P230

Osteoporosis is a bone-related disease that results in loss of bone minerals and medical-related complications. The diagnosis of Osteoporosis disease is a lengthy task and needs various procedures. The identification of this disease is a challenging task in remote areas because of due to the limited higher technological equipment. Medical radiography is still in practice to analyze and diagnose the health of bone for osteoporosis detection. However, due to the noise in X-ray images and there was a larger difference between the patient’s bone shape when it is under lower contrast conditions. The existing models performed osteoporosis detection which was challenging to obtain a satisfactory outcome. They do not interact very strongly with lighter elements, so proposed DenseNet 121 based Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) classification method for osteoporosis disease detection. DenseNet diminishes the problem of vanishing gradient as it needs a few parameters for training the model. The proposed model will consider the feature propagation and takes care of the information that will build the DenseNet-121 architecture. The osteoporosis X-ray images are collected in the proposed DenseNet-121 based CNN method and have the advantage of segmenting vertebral body as well as vertebral foramen detection in the transverse slices, which improves the disease detection accuracy rate. The experimental result shows that the proposed classification using Weighted DenseNet-121 based CNN achieved an accuracy of 87.10%. Whereas, the existing U-net method showed an accuracy of 81.2% for osteoporosis disease detection.

Convolutional Neural Network, Medical, Osteoporosis, Vertebral body, X-ray image.

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