K - LEACH: An improved LEACH Protocol for Lifetime Improvement in WSN

  ijett-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2013 by IJETT Journal
Volume-4 Issue-5                      
Year of Publication : 2013
Authors : Parul Bakaraniya , Sheetal Mehta


Parul Bakaraniya , Sheetal Mehta. "K - LEACH: An improved LEACH Protocol for Lifetime Improvement in WSN". International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT). V4(5):1521-1526 May 2013. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group.


A Wireless Sensor Network is the collection of large number of sensor nodes, which are technically or economically feasible and measure the ambient condition in the environment surrounding them. The difference between usual wireless networks and WSNs is that sensors are sensitive to energy consumption. Energy saving is the crucial issue in designing the wireless sensor networks. In this paper, a mod ified algorithm for Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy (LEACH) protocol is proposed. The modified protocol called “Kmedoids - LEACH protocol (K - LEACH) for clustered WSN” is aimed at prolonging the lifetime of the sensor networks by balancing the energy consumption of the nodes. The proposed protocol uses the k - medoids clustering algorithm for uniform clustering and Euclidean distance and maximum residual energy (MRE) is used to select the cluster head (CH). The performance of K - LEACH with that of the LE ACH protocol is compared using simulations. Simulation result shows that K - LEACH improves the network lifespan over LEACH.


[1] W. Heinzelman, A. Chandrakasan, and H. Balakrishnan, "Energy - effic ient communication protocol for wireless sensor networks," in the Proceeding of the Hawaii International Conference System Sciences, Hawaii, January 2000.
[2] Jamal N. Al - Karaki, The Hashmite University Ahmed E. Kamal, Lowa state University, “ Routing tech niques in WSN: A survey”, IEEE Wireless communication, 2004
[3] M. Bani Yassein, A. Al - zou`bi, Y. Khamayseh, W. Mardini , “Improvement on LEACH Protocol of Wireless Sensor Network (VLEACH)” , International Journal of Digital Content Technology and its Appl ications Volume 3, Number 2, June 2009
[4] Vivek Katiyar, Narottam Chand, Gopal Chand Gautam, Anil Kumar, “Improvement in LEACH Protocol for Large - scale Wireless Sensor Networks”, IEEE 2011
[5] Parul Bakaraniya , Sheetal Mehta , “Features of WSN and Var ious Routing Techniques for WSN : A Survey ”, International Journal Of Research in Engineering and Technology, ISSN: 2319 - 1163 , Volume 1(Issue - 3), 348 - 354, NOV 2012
[6] Rajesh Patel, Sunil Pariyani, Vijay Ukani, “ Energy and Throughput Analysis of Hi erarchical Routing Protocol (LEACH) for Wireless Sensor Network”, International Journal of Computer Applications(0975 - 8887), Volume 20 - No.4, April 2011
[7] Naveen Kumar, Mrs. Jasbir Kaur, “Improved LEACH (I - LEACH) Protocol for Wireless Sensor Network s” , IEEE 2011
[8] K. Padmanabhan, Dr. P. Kamalakkannan ,“Energy Efficient Adaptive Protocol for Clustered Wireless Sensor Networks” , IJCSI International Journal of Computer Science Issues, Vol. 8, Issue 5, No 1, September 2011 ISSN (Online): 1694 - 0814 www.IJCSI.org
[9] Hasan Al - Refai, Ali Al - Awneh, Khaldoun Batiha, Amer Abu Ali, Yehia M. El. Rahman, “Efficient Routing LEACH (ER - LEACH) Enhanced on LEACH Protocol in Wireless Sensor Networks” , International Journal of Ac ademic Research, Vol. 3. No. 3. May, 2011 , I Part
[10] Muhammad Haneef, Zhongliang Deng, “Comparative analysis of classical routing protocol LEACH and its updated variants that improved network life time by addressing shortcomings in Wireless Sensor Netwo rk” , 2011 IEEE
[11] K. Kishan Chandl, P Vijaya Bharati and B. Seetha Ramanjaneyulu, Member, IEEE, “Optimized Energy Efficient Routing Protocol for Life - Time Improvement in Wireless Sensor Networks”, IEEE - International Conference On Advances In Engineerin g, Science And Management (ICAESM - 2012) March 30, 31, 2012
[12] Said BEN ALLA, Abdellah EZZATI,Abderrahim BENI HSSANE, Moulay Lahcen HASNAOUI, “Hierarchical Ada ptive Balanced energy efficient Routing Pro tocol (HABRP) for heterogeneous wireless sensor ne tworks ”, 2010 IEEE
[13] JIAN - FENG YAN, YUAN - LIU LIU, “ Improved LEACH Routing Protocol For Large Scale Wireless Sensor Networks Routing”, 2011 IEEE
[14] Prof Ankit Thakkar and Dr K Kotecha, “ CVLEACH: Coverage based energy efficient LEACH Algorithm”, Inter national Journal of Computer Science and Network (IJCSN)Volume 1, Issue 3, June 2012 www.ijcsn.org ISSN 2277 - 5420
[15] M. Aslam, N. Javaid, A. Rahim, U. Nazir, A. Bibi, Z. A. Khan, “Survey of Extended LEACH - Based Clustering Routing Protocols for Wireless Sensor Networks ”, arXiv:1207.2609v1 [cs.NI] 11 Jul 201

LEACH, Wireless sensor network, Routing protocols , K - LEACH