Monotonic Simulation of Fastener-Based Cold-Formed Steel Shear Walls

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
© 2021 by IJETT Journal
Volume-69 Issue-4
Year of Publication : 2021
Authors : Simran Senapati, Keshav K. Sangle
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V69I4P213


MLA Style: Simran Senapati, Keshav K. Sangle  "Monotonic Simulation of Fastener-Based Cold-Formed Steel Shear Walls" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 69.4(2021):87-93. 

APA Style:Simran Senapati, Keshav K. Sangle. Monotonic Simulation of Fastener-Based Cold-Formed Steel Shear Walls International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 69(4),87-93.

Cold-formed steel (CFS) Shear wall has become popular in the construction industry because of some exceptional benefits like high strength to weight ratio, low maintenance, and high durability. Still, there is a crucial problem, particularly for promoting CFS structures in the seismic region, where many design elements stay open. The aim of this research is to analyze the lateral load capacities of shear walls used in residential buildings with CFS frames to overcome this problem. Five high-fidelity finite elements (FE) models for simulation of shear wall behavior with different types of sheathing materials, i.e., Fiber cement board, gypsum board as well as FE-CFS shear wall model without sheathing board, are presented in this paper. Shear walls were subjected to monotonic lateral load, and a comparative study of load-carrying capacities are presented. It was observed that the addition of sheathing to the CFS frame improves the shear resistance of the wall structure. Further study was carried out by simulating the shear wall models with varying the thickness of sheathing boards for observing its effect on the lateral load-carrying capacity. The main failure modes observed were screw pull-out, which caused sheathing material separation from the frame in some locations, and local buckling of studs. The results of this study (like various shear wall failure modes observed through Abaqus modeling) can be useful for practical considerations.

[1] S. Esmaeili Niari, B. Rafezy, eta K. Abedi, Seismic behavior of steel sheathed cold-formed steel shear wall: Experimental investigation and numerical modeling, Thin-Walled Struct., libk. 96, or. 337–347, (2015).
[2] C. L. Pan eta M. Y. Shan, Monotonic shear tests of cold-formed steel wall frames with sheathing, Thin-Walled Struct., libk. 49, zenb. 2, or. 363–370, (2011).
[3] P. Liu, K. D. Peterman, eta B. W. Schafer, Impact of construction details on OSB-sheathed cold-formed steel framed shear walls, J. Constr. Steel Res., libk. 101, or. 114–123, (2014).
[4] AISI, ,S213-07/S1-09. North American Standard for Cold-Formed Steel Framing - Lateral Design, 2007 Edition with Supplement No.1, Am. Iron Steel Inst., libk. 09, zenb. 1, or. 72, (2012).
[5] L. C. M. Vieira eta B. W. Schafer, Lateral stiffness and strength of sheathing braced cold-formed steel stud walls, Eng. Struct., libk. 37, or. 205–213, (2012).
[6] P. S. Ajay, A. P. J. Samuel, P. S. Joanna, eta P. E. Sakaria, Flexural behavior of cold-formed steel beams with Diagonal stiffener, libk. 17, zenb. 8, or. 406–410.
[7] S. Shakeel, R. Landolfo, eta L. Fiorino, Behaviour factor evaluation of CFS shear walls with gypsum board sheathing according to FEMA P695 for Eurocodes, Thin-Walled Struct., libk. 141, or. 194–207, abz. (2019).
[8] N. Usefi, P. Sharafi, eta H. Ronagh, Numerical models for lateral behavior analysis of cold-formed steel framed walls: State of the art, evaluation, and challenges, Thin-Walled Structures, libk. 138. Elsevier Ltd, or. 252–285, mai. 01, (2019).
[9] L. Fiorino, S. Shakeel, V. Macillo, eta R. Landolfo, Seismic response of CFS shear walls sheathed with nailed gypsum panels: Numerical modeling, Thin-Walled Struct., libk. 122, or. 359–370, urt. (2018).
[10] W. C. Gao eta Y. Xiao, Seismic behavior of cold-formed steel frame shear walls sheathed with ply-bamboo panels, J. Constr. Steel Res., libk. 132, or. 217–229, mai. (2017).
[11] S. Sreenath, U. Saravanan, eta V. Kalyanaraman, Beam and shell element model for advanced analysis of structural steel members, JCSR, libk. 67, zenb. 12, or. 1789–1796, (2011).
[12] P. Avery eta M. Mahendran, Distributed plasticity analysis of steel frame structures comprising non-compact sections, Eng. Struct., libk. 22, zenb. 8, or. 901–919, (2000).
[13] D. A. Padilla-llano, A Framework for Cyclic Simulation of Thin-Walled Cold-Formed Steel Members in Structural Systems, (2015).
[14] J. P. Judd eta F. S. Fonseca, Analytical Model for Sheathing-to-Framing Connections in Wood Shear Walls and Diaphragms, J. Struct. Eng., libk. 131, zenb. 2, or. 345–352, (2005).
[15] T. S. Tarpy, Shear Resistance of Steel-Stud Wall Panels., Oil Shale Symp. Proc., or. 331–348, (1980).
[16] S. P. Hibbitt D, Karlsson B, ABAQUS / CAE User’s Manual, ABAQUS/CAE User’s Man., libk. 1 and 2, or. 1–847, (2001).
[17] H. G. and N. H. Serrette R., Shear wall values for lightweight steel framing, Final report, Am. Iron Steel Institute, Washington, libk. 1996, (1996).
[18] R. Serrette, Scholars ’ Mine Dynamic Performance of Light Gauge Steel Framed Shear Walls, (1996).
[19] V. S. Singh eta K. K. Sangle, Repercussion on plastic zones formed in the vertically oriented planar wall, IJETT Int. J. Eng. Trends Technol., libk. 69, zenb. 2, or. 19–24, (2021).
[20] R. Serrette eta K. Ogunfunmi, Shear Resistance of Gypsum-Sheathed Light-Gauge Steel Stud Walls, J. Struct. Eng., libk. 122, zenb. 4, or. 383–389, (1996).
[21] E. F. Gad, C. F. Duffield, G. L. Hutchinson, D. S. Mansell, eta G. Stark, Lateral performance of cold-formed steel-framed domestic structures, Eng. Struct., libk. 21, zenb. 1, or. 83–95, (1999).
[22] D. Systèmes, ,Volume IV: Elements, ABAQUS 6.14 Anal. User’s Guid., libk. IV, (2014).
[23] A. R. Badr, H. H. Elanwar, eta S. A. Mourad, Numerical and experimental investigation on cold-formed walls sheathed by fiber cement board, J. Constr. Steel Res., libk. 158, or. 366–380, uzt. (2019).
[24] B. W. Schafer, Z. Li, eta C. D. Moen, Computational modeling of cold-formed steel, Thin-Walled Struct., libk. 48, zenb. 10–11, or. 752–762, (2010).

ABAQUS CAE, FCB board, Sheathing, CFS Shear Wall, Monotonic Lateral Load