Prostate Cancer Detection using Radiomics-based Feature Analysis with ML Algorithms and MR Images

Prostate Cancer Detection using Radiomics-based Feature Analysis with ML Algorithms and MR Images

© 2022 by IJETT Journal
Volume-70 Issue-12
Year of Publication : 2022
Author : M. N. Rajesh, B. S. Chandrasekar, S. Shivakumar Swamy
DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I12P206

How to Cite?

M. N. Rajesh, B. S. Chandrasekar, S. Shivakumar Swamy, "Prostate Cancer Detection using Radiomics-based Feature Analysis with ML Algorithms and MR Images," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 70, no. 12, pp. 42-58, 2022. Crossref,

The study is aimed to understand and predict prostate lesions identification and classifications on magnetic resonance images (MRI) of the prostate using Radiomics based texture features analysis while applying Machine Learning (ML) algorithms. This study includes retrospective MR Images of patients with Prostate Cancer (PCa) from HealthCare Global (HCG), totalling 76 patients. From 207 prostate MRI images, 109 texture features were extracted using the python PyRadiomics library. Three sampling methods and various ML feature classification techniques are utilised to balance the dataset to develop the best diagnostic models for assessing these models' accuracy. The discriminative capability of all the models was evaluated by receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis. Eight different texture feature-based predictive models are developed by running the cross combination of all the dataset balancing and classification methods to identify and classify PCa malignancy from benign. Based on the test group's results, the majority of the models performed better with a larger area under the curve (AUC) (>0.80) and higher accuracy (>0.80). Support vector machine (SVM) classifier with AUC of 0.9744, 0.9759 accuracy and extreme gradient boosting (XGB) classifier with AUC of 0.963, accuracy with 0.9639 were the best model within the eight models, followed by decision trees (DT), light gradient boosting machine (LGBM) and random forest (RF) models. Extracting texture parameters from MRI images and combining the Radiomics approach with ML models can classify prostate lesions effectively.

Prostate cancer, ROI Delineation, Feature extraction, Feature analysis, Machine learning.

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