Heart Disease Prediction based on Ensemble Classification Model with Tuned Training Weights

  IJETT-book-cover  International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)          
  
© 2022 by IJETT Journal
Volume-70 Issue-4
Year of Publication : 2022
Authors : Parvathaneni Rajendra Kumar, Suban Ravichandran, S. Narayana
  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I4P206

MLA 

MLA Style: Parvathaneni Rajendra Kumar, et al. "Heart Disease Prediction based on Ensemble Classification Model with Tuned Training Weights." International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 70, no. 4, Apr. 2022, pp. 59-81. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I4P206

APA Style: Parvathaneni Rajendra Kumar, Suban Ravichandran, S. Narayana. (2022). Heart Disease Prediction based on Ensemble Classification Model with Tuned Training Weights. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 70(4), 59-81. https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I4P206

Abstract
Heart disease (HD) is the most serious human disease, causing havoc on people's health. Heart disease detection must be accurate and timely to prevent and cure heart failure. In many instances, the diagnosis of HD based on standard medical history is seen as unreliable. Therefore, this paper introduces a novel HD prediction system that includes five major phases such as (a) Preprocessing, (b) Imbalance processing, (c)Feature extraction, (d) Feature Selection and (e) Classification. Originally, the input data is given to the preprocessing phase. Subsequently, the imbalance processing phase is carried out, where an improved strategy for the class imbalance process is performed. The features, including raw features, improved mutual information, higher-order statistical features, entropy, correlation, and statistical features, are extracted in the feature extraction phase. Moreover, appropriate features will be selected from the extracted features in the feature selection phase, for which an improved ReliefF process will be carried out. These selected features is then subjected to the classification phase, where the ensemble classifiers include Neural Network (NN), Recurrent Neural Network (RNN), Random Forest (RF), and K-Nearest Neighbour (k-NN) model. Here, the output of NN, RNN, and RF is given as the input of k-NN. To make the system more precise in disease prediction, the weights of NN and RNN are optimally tuned by a Self-improved Shark Smell Optimization with Gaussmap Estimation and Cycle crossover Operation (SISSGECO) model. Then, the final output is obtained effectively in a precise manner. Finally, the outcomes of the adopted scheme are computed to the other extant schemes in terms of various measures like precision, sensitivity, accuracy, specificity, NPV, MCC, FPR, F1-score, and FNR, respectively.

Keywords
Heart Disease Prediction, Imbalance Processing, Improved ReliefF, Ensemble Classifiers, Optimization.

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