Thermal Plant Condenser Tube Advanced Applied Research on Scale Formation with and Without Magnets in the Water Lines
|International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)||
|© 2022 by IJETT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2022|
|Authors : P. Selvakumar, C.G. Saravanan, R. Ramkumar, M. Vikneswaran
|DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I5P219|
MLA Style: Selvakumar, P., et al. "Thermal Plant Condenser Tube Advanced Applied Research on Scale Formation with and Without Magnets in the Water Lines." International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 70, no. 5, May. 2022, pp. 173-184. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I5P219
APA Style:Selvakumar, P., Saravanan, C.G., Ramkumar, R., Vikneswaran, M.(2022). Thermal Plant Condenser Tube Advanced Applied Research on Scale Formation with and Without Magnets in the Water Lines. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 70(5), 173-184. https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I5P219
The current study assessed the application of magnetic water treatment to get rid of scaling salts such as chloride, carbonate, and sulfate salts of Ca2+, Mg2+, Fe2+, and Fe3+ cations from both pipelines well as power heat-exchanger devices. Magnetically assisted water treatment technologies are compared to typical treatment systems in terms of performance. The advantages and restrictions of magnetic field application are investigated to determine the environmental benefits. The important conclusion of the study is that using a magnetic separator reduces the quantity of magnesium, calcium, and chlorine that get accumulated on the surface of the tube; nevertheless, chromium remains in the deposit, increasing the scale deposit weight. The application of superoxide solution is also important in changing biological activity, which causes biological sediments on the walls of the condenser tube and the sticky biofilm coating produced by bacteria upon the tube wall.
Heat exchanger, Magnetic separator, Performance efficiency, Salts, Scale deposition.
 W. D. Steinmann, and C. Prieto, Thermal Storage for Concentrating Solar Power Plants, In Advances in Thermal Energy Storage Systems, Woodhead Publishing. (2021) 673-697. Doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-819885-8.00024-3.
 S. Dewanjee, S. M. H. Kabir, and U.D. Das, Performance Enhancement of Induced Draft Counter Flow Wet Cooling Tower with Different Types of Modified Shaped Fill Assembly, Journal of Engineering Research and Reports. (2020) 41-53.
 M. S. Kim, K. S. Lee, S. Song, Effects of Pass Arrangement and Optimization of Design Parameters on the Thermal Performance of a Multi-Pass Heat Exchanger, Int. J.Heat Fluid Flow. 29(1) (2008) 352–363.
 K. Chung, K. S. Lee, W. S. Kim, Optimization of the Design Factors for Thermal Performance of a Parallel-Flow Heat Exchanger, Int. J. Heat Mass Transf. 45(24) (2002) 4773–4780.
 W. Faes, S. Lecompte, Z. Y. Ahmed, J. Van Bael, R. Salenbien, K. Verbeken, M. De Paepe, Corrosion and Corrosion Prevention in Heat Exchangers, Corrosion Reviews. 37(2) (2019) 131-155.
 M. M. Awad, Fouling of Heat Transfer Surfaces, INTECH Open Access Publisher. (2011) 505-542.
 A. Rico Palacios, Theoretical Analysis of the Last Stage LP Steam Turbine Blades Repair Employing Welding. (2018).
 N. Kumar, P. Besuner, S. Lefton, D. Agan, D. Hilleman, Power Plant Cycling Costs (No. NREL/SR-5500-55433), National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States). (2012).
 J. MacAdam, S. A. Parsons, Calcium Carbonate Scale Formation and Control, Re/Views in Environmental Science & Bio/Technology. 3(2) (2004) 159- 169.
 J. MacAdam, P. Jarvis, Water-Formed Scales and Deposits: Types, Characteristics, and Relevant Industries, In Mineral Scales and Deposits. (2015) 3- 23.
 A. S. Al-Ghamdi, Performance Analysis of Automated Control System for Condenser Water Treatment Unit. (2012).
 A. Howell, G. Saxon Jr, The Practical Application and Innovation of Cleaning Technology for Condensers, In ASME Power Conference. 41820 (2005) 109-117.
 Z. Xu, J. Wang, Y. Jia, X. Geng, Z. Liu, Experimental Study on Microbial Fouling Characteristics of the Plate Heat Exchanger, Applied Thermal Engineering. 108 (2016) 150-157.
 S.L. Percival, J.S. Knapp, D.S. Wales, R. G. J Edyvean, The Effect of Turbulent Flow and Surface Roughness on Biofilm Formation in Drinking Water, Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology. 22(3) (1999) 152-159.
 W. T. Ji, C. Y. Zhao, D. C. Zhang, Z. Y. Li, Y. L. He, W. Q. Tao, Condensation of R134a Outside Single Horizontal Titanium, Cupronickel (B10 and B30), Stainless Steel and Copper Tubes, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer. 77 (2014) 194-201.
 J. Olsson, M. Snis, Duplex—A New Generation of Stainless Steels for Desalination Plants, Desalination. 205(1-3) (2007) 104-113.
 H. Richaud-Minier H, Marchebois P, Gerard, Titanium and Super Stainless Steel Welded Tubing Solutions for Sea Water-Cooled Heat Exchangers, Materials Technology. 24(3) (2009) 191-200.
 E. Nebot, J. F. Casanueva, T. Casanueva, D. Sales, Model for Fouling Deposition on Power Plant Steam Condensers Cooled with Seawater: Effect of Water Velocity and Tube Material, International Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer. 50(17-18) (2007) 3351-3358.
 M. Glazer, G. Burns, Space Groups for Solid State Scientists, Academic Press. (2013) 423.
 W. Massa, Crystal Structure Determination, Springer Science & Business Media. (2010) 232.
 Y. B. Band, Y. Avishai, Quantum Mechanics with Applications to Nanotechnology and Information Science, Academic Press. (2013) 993.
 T. M. Pääkkönen M. Riihimäki E. Puhakka, E. Muurinen, C. J. Simonson, R. L. Keiski, Crystallization Fouling of CaCO3 – Effect of Bulk Precipitation on Mass Deposition on the Heat Transfer Surface. (2009) 8.
 (2014). M. A. Popescu, R. Isopescu, C. Matei, G. Fagarasan, V. Plesu, Thermal Decomposition of Calcium Carbonate Polymorphs Precipitated in the Presence of Ammonia and Alkylamines, Advanced Powder Technology. 25(2) 500–7. [Online]. Available: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921883113001684
 (2011). Kh. N. Islam, M. Z. B. A. Bakar, M. M. Noordin, M.Z.B. Hussein, N.S.B.A. Rahman NSBA, Md. E. Ali, Characterization of Calcium Carbonate and its Polymorphs from Cockle Shells (Anadaragranosa). Powder Technology. 213(1) 188–91. [Online]. Available: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0032591011003664
 (2008). M. Ni, B. D. Ratner, Differentiation of Calcium Carbonate Polymorphs by Surface Analysis Techniques – An XPS and TOF-SIMS Study, Surf Interface Anal. 40(10) 1356–61. [Online]. Available: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4096336/
 (2018). Aragonit, In: Wikipedia. [Online]. Available: https://sv.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Aragonit&oldid=43433772