The Effect of Koya University on the Urban Morphology of Koya City
|International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)||
|© 2017 by IJETT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2017|
|Authors : Abdulrazaq Zamil Menshid Al-saedi, Samal Osman Saied Baban
|DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V47P205|
Abdulrazaq Zamil Menshid Al-saedi, Samal Osman Saied Baban "The Effect of Koya University on the Urban Morphology of Koya City", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V47(1),36-41 May 2017. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group
Koya city is one of the most important cities in Kurdistan-Iraq because of its rich history and important geographical location between three main cities in Kurdistan (Erbil, Sulaymaniyah and Kirkuk). However, the development of the city and its growth was slow over the time. This paper discusses the most important period of growth of this city, which followed the establishment of koya University in 2003. Where there has been a change in the speed, shape and direction of city’s growth. Since 1940 the growth of the city was centred around the main market in the centre of the city, but after 2003 it became linear, away from the centre towards the university site, which affected the morphology of the city and its structural characteristics. Using the Depth Map UCL Software which is based on the theory of Space Syntax by Hillier, this paper focused on studying and analysing the city plans in three different stages, the first was in 1940 where the city consisted of four residential neighbourhoods only, while the second stage was before the establishment of the university in 2003, and the city plan ten years after the establishment of the university in 2013. The main new axes which were generated have been identified, by analysing the values and graphs for each of the Integration, the Main Depth and Connectivity at each of the three stages, and compare the results before and after university, and by analysing the values and graphs for each of Integration, Main Depth and Connectivity at each of the three stages, and compare the results before and after university, The main new axes which were generated have been identified and how the integration node of the has changed and moved from the centre towards the university site.
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