The Impacts of Corrosion in Weld joints and Surfaces of Oil and Gas Pipelines: A Review
|International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)||
|© 2017 by IJETT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2017|
|Authors : Christopher T. Mgonja
|DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V52P216|
Christopher T. Mgonja "The Impacts of Corrosion in Weld joints and Surfaces of Oil and Gas Pipelines: A Review", International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT), V52(2),99-108 October 2017. ISSN:2231-5381. www.ijettjournal.org. published by seventh sense research group
Corrosion of metals is the deterioration of metals as a result of chemical, electrochemical or biochemical interactions with the environment. Corrosion failures of welds occur in spite of the fact that all the industry codes and standards have been followed. In oil and gas pipelines, formation of internal and external surface corrosion is inevitable. Failures and consequent problems due to corrosion increase with time. Oil and gas pipeline leakages due to corrosion have caused serious damage and losses to the environment and the industries involved. Corrosion related failures constitute 33% of all failures in oil and gas industry. These failures have led to heavy loss of human lives and properties. This paper presents a review on corrosion threats to welded oil and gas pipelines focusing on formation, detection, prevention and management of corrosion where the formation of different types of corrosion, the corrosion prevention methods, inspection and control methods have been presented. For safe working of pipelines the preventive measures should be observed.
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Corrosion, Oil, Gas, Pipelines, Welding, inspection, Corrosion prevention. Pigging, SCADA.