Design of a Solar Organic Rankine Cycle Prototype for 1 kW Power Output
|International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology (IJETT)||
|© 2018 by IJETT Journal|
|Year of Publication : 2018|
|Authors : Shilpi Pratim Dutta, Dr. Ramesh Chandra Borah
|DOI : 10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V62P205|
MLA Style: Shilpi Pratim Dutta, Dr. Ramesh Chandra Borah "Design of a Solar Organic Rankine Cycle Prototype for 1 kW Power Output" International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology 62.1 (2018): 23-33.
APA Style:Shilpi Pratim Dutta, Dr. Ramesh Chandra Borah (2018). Design of a Solar Organic Rankine Cycle Prototype for 1 kW Power Output. International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, 62(1), 23-33.
DRising energy demand due to industrial development, population growth, is pushing the mankind for utilizing more and more conventional energy sources such as coal, oil and gas. There is a need to minimize the use of such types of resources because, it contributes to the global warming, pollution and climate change. Use of alternative sources of energy such as solar, hydro, wind, tidal, geothermal, biofuel, and nuclear are preferable and are promising for the modern world. Solar energy, which is abundantly available in Jorhat area, can be used for power generation using Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) Technology, is the source of energy selected for this work. Use of solar energy can reduce the load on the conventional energy sources. Solar parabolic trough collector (PTC) system is employed as the evaporator of the solar organic Rankine cycle (SORC) system. Working fluid for the subcritical ORC is R245fa. Reciprocating piston type expander is used for the expansion of the working fluid. The 1 kW capacity alternator coupled to the expander shaft can convert the mechanical power into electricity. Two heat exchangers have been designed for the ORC prototype, one is an air cooled cross-flow heat exchanger for cooling the hot organic vapours and one shell and tube condenser (water cooled) for condensing the vapour into liquid state. Theoretical modelling of the prototype assembly is done using DWSIM and thermo-economic analysis has been carried out. Results indicate that the system can generate electricity in the range 439-763 W. The 1st law and 2nd law efficiencies of the cycle varies from 25.13 to 37.07% and 29.69 to 43.57% respectively. The payback period for the system is estimated to be around 17.27 years.
 Guoquan Qiu, Hao Liu, Saffa Riffat, Expanders for micro-CHP systems with organic Rankine cycle, Applied Thermal Engineering, Elsevier, 2011, 31 (16), pp.3301.
 Emily Spayde, Pedro J. Mago and Rogelio Luck, Economic, Energetic and Environmental Performance of a Solar Powered Organic Rankine Cycle with Electric Energy Storage in Different Commercial Buildings, Energies 2018, 11, 276; doi: 10.3390/en11020276.
 Bianchi M., Branchini L., De Pascale A., Orlandini Ottaviano S., Pinelli M., Spina P.R., Suman A., Experimental Performance of a Micro-ORC Energy System for Low Grade Heat Recovery, 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.09.096.
 S P Sukhatme, J K Nayak, Solar Energy: Principles of Thermal Collection and Storage, Third Edition.
 Vitor Manuel Cerqueira Magro Lopes (2015), Thermal energy recovery system for automotive vehicles: swashplate expander modelling-Dissertation, Master in Automotive Engineering. Leiria, September 2015.
 Junjiang Bao, Li Zhao (2013), A review of working fluid and expander selections for organic Rankine cycle, Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 24(2013)325-342. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2013.03.040
 Kyung Chun Kim, Suresh Baral, Solar Organic Rankine Cycle Power System for Developing Countries, An Appropriate Technology, LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing, 2015.
 https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_refrigerants, accessed on 30/05/2018 at 7:04 PM.
 Sotirios Karellas, Andreas Schuster, Supercritical Fluid Parameters in Organic Rankine Cycle Applications, Int. J. of Thermodynamics. Vol. 11 (No. 3), pp. 101-108, September 2008.
 V.Lemort, L. Guillaume, A. Legros, S. Declaye, S. Quoilin, A Comparison of Piston, Screw and Scroll expanders for Small-Scale Rankine Cycle Systems.
 Shuchen B Thakore, Bharat I Bhatt, Introduction to Process Engineering and Design, Second Edition, 2015.
 Lorenzo Tocci, Tamas Pal, Ioannis Pesmazoglou and Benjamin Franchetti, Small Scale Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC): A Techno-Economic Review, Energies 2017,10,413; doi: 10.3390/en10040413.
 Saeedeh SAGHLATOUN, Weilin ZHUGE, Yangjun ZHANG, REVIEW OF EXPANDER SELECTION FOR SMALL-SCALE ORGANIC RANKINE CYCLE, Proceedings of the ASME 2014 4th Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Division Summer Meeting FEDSM2014 August 3-7, 2014, Chicago, Illinois, USA.
 Andreas P. Weiß, VOLUMETRIC EXPANDER VERSUS TURBINE – WHICH IS THE BETTER CHOICE FOR SMALL ORC PLANTS?, 3rd International Seminar on ORC Power Systems, October 12-14, 2015, Brussels, Belgium .
 A.Landelle, N. Tauveron, R. Revellin, P. Haberschill, S. Colasson, Experimental Investigation of a Transcritical Organic Rankine Cycle with Scroll Expander for Low-Temperature Waste Heat Recovery, 10.1016/j.egypro.2017.09.142.
 Eilts, P., Seume, J., Brümmer A., Zwischenbericht über das Vorhaben 1060 – C02-Sonderforschungsprogramm Expansionsmaschine, FVV Informationstagung 2012, Heft R558, Bad Neuenahr.
 Jean Francois Oudrefulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Applied Sciences, Liege, August 2016.
 H.Wang, R. B. Peterson, and T. Herron, Experimental performance of a compliant scroll expander for an organic Rankine cycle, Proc. IMechE Vol. 223 Part A: J. Power and Energy, DOI:10.1243/09576509JPE741, 2009.
 Badr, O., O´Callaghan, P. W., Hussein M., Probert, S. D., Multi-Vane Expanders as Prime Movers for Low-Grade Energy Organic Rankine Cycle Engines, Applied Energy 16, p129-146, 1984.
 Hanzhi Wang, Huashan Li, Lingbao Wang, Xianbiao Bu, Thermodynamic Analysis of Organic Rankine Cycle with Hydrofluoroethers as Working Fluids, Energy Procedia 105(2017)1889-1894.
 Wang D, Ling X, Peng H, Liu L, Tao L, Efficiency and optimal performance evaluation of organic Rankine cycle for low grade waste heat power generation, Energy 2013;50:343-52.
Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC), R245fa, solar, thermo-economic analysis.