Design and Analysis of a novel 2D Edge Preservation Adaptive Wavelet Anisotropic Bilateral Filter for Image Restoration of Palm Leaf Manuscripts
How to Cite?
T.Jerry Alexander, S.Suresh Kumar, V.Vedanarayanan, "Design and Analysis of a novel 2D Edge Preservation Adaptive Wavelet Anisotropic Bilateral Filter for Image Restoration of Palm Leaf Manuscripts," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 334-341, 2022. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I1P238
In the ancient olden period, vital information related to medicines, science, grammar, astrology, mathematics was written on the palm leaves because of its easy availability and reliability. These leaves that are a few hundred years of age are preserved in libraries all over the world. Presently, due to age factors and other factors like weather conditions, pests, improper storage and handling factors, etc., these Palm Leaf Manuscripts (PLM) suffer from degradation. Image restoration plays a vital role in the retrieval of characters text written on older manuscripts made from palm leaves which are affected due to physical wear and tear. Image restoration can be performed through various statistical linear and non-linear filters that are available widely. In this research, a novel 2D Edge Preservation Adaptive Wavelet Anisotropic Bilateral Filter (EPAWABF) is proposed for the restoration of palm leaf manuscript images. To prove the eminence of the proposed restoration technique, the proposed 2D EPAWABF filter is compared with different filters such as 2D Adaptive Median Filter, 2D Adaptive Log Filter, 2D Spatial Domain Filter, 2D Adaptive Wiener Filter and 2D Adaptive Bilateral Filter. Performance evaluation using metrics like peak signal to noise ratio (PSNR) and mean square error (MSE) prove the credibility of the proposed filter for the restoration of PLM.
Palm-leaf manuscript, restoration, 2D Adaptive Median Filter, 2D Adaptive Wiener Filter, 2D Adaptive Log Filter, 2D Spatial Domain Filter, 2D Adaptive Bilateral Filter.
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