Fabrication and Property Characterization of Expanded Perlite-Based Tile

Fabrication and Property Characterization of Expanded Perlite-Based Tile

© 2022 by IJETT Journal
Volume-70 Issue-4
Year of Publication : 2022
Authors : Yolanda A. Santorcas
DOI :  10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I4P237

How to Cite?

Yolanda A. Santorcas, "Fabrication and Property Characterization of Expanded Perlite-Based Tile," International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology, vol. 70, no. 4, pp. 433-456, 2022. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.14445/22315381/IJETT-V70I4P237

Conventionally, wall tiles are made up of earthenware clay manufactured by baking or firing for decoration and indoor applications only not exposed to weather elements as it cannot resist the ill effects of wind, rain, and direct sunlight; thus, cannot be used for outside installation and wall protection. Considering the intense heat, moisture, wind, pollution, and rain brought about by climate change, and wall protection is necessary through wall cladding installation. However, a functional substitute for traditional tile composition and manufacturing is essential for a sound and quality wall cladding material. In this paper, an expanded perlite-based tile was fabricated and evaluated its properties. An optimum mixture proportion was designed by combining 7 grams of fine expanded perlite aggregates, 100grams of Portland cement, 4 grams of sodium silicate, and 50grams of water, all by mass, which yields the maximum compressive strength for the production of expanded perlite-based tiles for wall cladding system with a dimension of 610mm x 305mm x12.7mm. The physical and mechanical properties of the expanded perlite-based tile were evaluated based on ASTM standards. Results indicated that the tile is non-vitreous and suitable for wall cladding, and water absorption value can be controlled through glazing. The expanded perlite-based tile is lighter than conventional tiles, has high breaking strength when glazed, and has low thermal conductivity. Finally, the cost of one unit of expanded perlite-based tile amounted to Php108.38.

Expanded Perlite, Expanded Perlite-Based Tile, Mortar Tile, Sodium Silicate.

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